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2017 | 3(67) | 15-26

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Transformation of higher education in Ukraine from the viewpoint of “A New Ukrainian School”.

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The article is devoted to the necessity of transformation of Ukrainian system of higher education under the influence of the conception of “A New Ukrainian School” adopted in 2016. The fact is that the Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education” (2014) does not contain any positions which would allow reformation of the system of university education with taking into consideration new accents of the secondary school reforms. The author analyzes the main concepts and goals of the forthcoming school reform, principles of competence approach to education. The drawbacks of the existing system of higher education are defined and the basic ways of their withdrawal are depicted. The peculiarities of teaching and development of a new generation of students which should be taken into account are notified. Differences and absence of succession in gaining secondary and higher education are displayed. In fact the conceptual positions of the school reform are based on the implementation of twelve-year studying at secondary school when the twelfth form is equaled to the first year at the university. In such a case the time of studying to gain a bachelor degree will be shortened to three years instead of four. As a result it will be necessary to make certain changes in university education. Shortening of academic hours caused by the three-year studying will result in dismissing of a great number of university professors. It would be necessary to change radically academic programs and curricula because universities would be obliged to train a new generation of school teachers who would teach integrated courses such as for example physics, chemistry, biology and astronomy. It would be necessary to create a new generation of textbooks to provide for the new integrated courses and this process requires a lot of time for selecting potential authors, training them, collecting the team of experts etc. To succeed the school reform universities would be obliged to get rid of the obsolete lecture-seminar system and replace it with a tutor system which allows developing students’ critical thinking, creativity, ability for self-development, professional competence. Learning process should become productive instead of now existing reproductive when students retell the materials of the textbooks or lectures. A lot of other changes are to be made in the system of higher education in Ukraine from the viewpoint of “A new Ukrainian School”, and all these changes require special financing on the part of the state.



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