The social and political changes that started in Poland after 1989 led to the opening up of universities and in a short time led to a signifi cant increase of the number of students. According to offi cial data, schooling rate of higher education in Poland exceeded 50%. Unlimited access to higher education also had negative consequences. It resulted in a signifi cant increase of unemployment among the holders of academic degrees, decrease of their value in the labor market and lowering of the quality of higher education. Especially negative phenomena occurred in the social sphere. Employment and the opportunity to succeed in life no longer depend on the qualifi cations as evidenced by diplomas. Their place was taken by friends, informal business arrangements, family and social relationships. Obtaining a job and the mechanisms of life promotion have lost their transparent nature and were marked by pathology.