Stosunki rosyjskie z rdzenną ludnością Syberii pod koniec XVI ina początku XX wieku: argumenty na poparcie „koncepcji eurazjatyckiej”
Russian indigenous relations in Siberia in the late sixteenth early twentieth century: Arguments in support of the “Eurasian conception”
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This article begins by examining the conventional interpretative frameworks of the process of the incorporation of Siberia into Russia — social evolutionism, the Marxist formation theory, and the „frontier thesis“. A conclusion is made that none of them explains the swiftness of the Russian colonization, the specific features of Moscow's policies towards the indigenous populations, and the intensity of the Russian-Indigenous contacts. The article then discusses and provides arguments in support of the „Eurasian conception“. The term may have certain political connotations, but here Eurasianism is understood in two ways — as an ethnocultural phenomenon and the shared socio-political and mental heritage of the peoples of northern Eurasia, on the one hand, and as a methodological foundation of examining the ethnocultural interactions of the populations of this region, on the other. One example of such interactions was the Russian migration into Siberia that started at the end of the sixteenth century. A conclusion is made that the success of the Russian colonization can be explained by the presence in the Moscow statehood and Russian mentality, on the one side, and in the state (or potestary) institutions and the world view of the Siberian indigenous populations, on the other side, of shared — Eurasian — ideas about the principles and the structure of power and authority, about the administrative structure of society and hierarchy, as well as about interethnic relations in a polyethnic state. This shared Eurasian heritage facilitated substantially the Russian colonization of Siberia. This article is a result of decades of archival and ethnographic research undertaken by the author in Siberia.
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