Olomouc na průsečíku dvou německých dialektálních oblastí: Několik poznámek k historickému vývoji němčiny
OLOMOUC AT THE INTERSECTION OF TWO GERMAN DIALECTAL AREAS. REMARKS ON THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN LANGUAGE
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The study is grounded in the findings of Ernst Schwarz‘s and Zdeněk Masařík‘s research on the penetration of Bavarian and Central German dialectal elements into the German language in municipal administrative offices in central and southern Moravia. The study builds on the research carried out so far of selected municipal archival documents and those produced by Olomouc burghers written in German and it aims to show which of these elements were dominant in certain stages, including the relevant reasons. The sources of knowledge of dialectal elements were the Codex of Václav of Jihlava from 1430 to 1492, court records from the 17th century that were used to study the replies made at the Olomouc residents‘ court interrogations and the chronicle of the Hobel family, a middle class family. The latter was used to determine dialectal elements in the written German of Olomouc burghers — regardless of whether they were originally from Olomouc or moved there. The last part of the study analyzes a collection of German confectionary recipes that apparently represented common recipes among the burghers. The presence of Bavarian and Austrian elements prevailed later; these features were absolutely dominant in the archival documents from the 19th century.
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