Benjamin L. Whorf a podoby kritiky „hypotézy jazykové relativity“
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Benjamin Lee Whorf is undoubtedly one of the most influential American linguists of the first half of the 20th century. His legacy, embodied in the so‑called Sapir‑Whorf hypothesis of linguistic relativity, has been an object of controversy for a long time, illuminating paradigm shifts in modern linguistics. This article attempts to deconstruct a picture of this ambiguous figure and his works, concerning reception and critical response by both his proponents and opponents. I focus on various kinds of (mis)understanding Whorf and its reflections in linguistic theories since 1950s. At the end I mention current reformulations of the linguistic relativity principle and the prospect of new challenges of interdisciplinary research in this field.
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