Unia horodelska. Skuteczny kompromis czy zarzewie przyszłych konfliktów?
The Union of Horodlo: an effective compromise or the embers of future conflicts?
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The author shows causes which led to the Union of Horodlo and attempts to prove that it provided hope for reaching a compromise in Polish-Lithuanian relations. The promising union was adversely aff ected by actions undertaken by Vytautas (Polish: Witold Kiejstutowicz), Grand Duke of Lithuania, from 1420 in connection with the Wrocław verdict formulated by Sigismund of Luxembourg and the ambitions of the Lithuanians which stemmed from the Vytautas’ “political school”. The climax of Vytautas’ liberation plans, which weakened the Union of Horodlo and jeopardised the Lithuanian patrimony of Jagiełło, fell during the years 1429–1430. After the death of Vytautas, territorial conflicts concerning Volhynia and Podole became another tinderbox in Polish-Lithuanian relations. The author examines briefly the issue of the territorial status of the lands from the 14th century. What is more, the author puts forward a thesis that it was possible to establish mutual relations on the basis of new legal regulations of Horodlo and to avoid territorial conflicts. Only when Vytautas attempted to make Lithuania a kingdom did he start a new stage in Polish-Lithuanian relations, which sooner or later had to lead to the questioning of the incorporation the conditions of Horodlo. After the short rule of Švitrigaila, who was very critical of the Union of Horodlo, Sigismund Kiejstutowicz tried to bring the situation back to normal. Discussing the Polish-Lithuanian relations after 1440, the author notices that the Polish party attempted to work out a compromise over the conflict while the Lithuanians used force to introduce modifications in the legal provisions of the union of Horodlo. Finally, the author concludes that the Union of Horodlo could have become a bridge between the two nations. Nevertheless, both the dynastic attempts of Vytautas and the controversial policy of Casimir Jagiellon at the beginning.
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