Prepozyci krzyżackiej kapituły katedralnej w Chełmży w latach 1266–1457
Provosts of the teutonic cathedral chapter in Chełmża in the years 1266–1457
Languages of publication
The article shows the results of the research on the careers of provosts of the cathedral chapter in Chełmża in the Teutonic period. For the period 1266–1457 we managed to identify 28 provosts, for whom biographical entries were made. Next, their careers underwent the prosopographic analysis. Provosts were heads of the chapter, which entitled them to manage the wealth of the corporation, which they represented outside. They were prelates of the highest rank in the Chełmża chapter. The analysis of their career let us draw a few conclusions. The territorial origin was defined for 16 clergymen, which means more than a half of them. Four of them came from the Culm diocese, more precisely from Toruń, 5 from Pomerelia, 3 from Silesia, 2 from the Reich, and 1 from the Pomesanian diocese and 1 from the Ermland (Warmia) diocese. As can be seen, the local recruitment prevails, being limited to the authority of the Teutonic Order. The social background was defined for 12 provosts. One came from ministeriales of the Reich, others were representatives of the bourgeoisie (5 of them came from patrician families of Toruń and Gdańsk). Five of them had university education. The place of university studies was not defined for one of them. Among the rest, two studied in Prague, one in Rostock, and one in Leipzig and Vienna. The Chełmża provosts, as clergymen having great authority inthe diocese, were taken into account during the attempts to establish a higher education institution in the Teutonic State in Prussia. They were to get the right to give academic titles. They did not use those rights, as a university in Prussia was never established. Another interesting aspect are contacts of provosts with the Holy See. The clergymen were appointed by the popes to become conservators of the rights of bishops, chapters, chapter provosts. They also investigated complaints, collected back tithes, introduced the clergy to benefices. They also turned to the Pope, the evidence of which are requests for plenary indulgence in articulo mortis.
Publication order reference