ADAPTATION IN LATVIA OF SCALES OF PERSONAL AND GENERAL BELIEF IN A JUST WORLD
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Adaptation of PBJW and GBJW scales in Latvia that is connected with linguistic and sociocultural features of their use is revealed in the present article. The analysis of questionnaire’s particular indicators and the structure of factors is made. The aim of the research was to analyze the validity, reliability and standardization facilities of BJW questionnaires. To study the belief in a just world (BJW) Dalbert’s questionnaire (1999) “Personal Belief in a Just World” (PBJW (a=0.72)), and Dalbert, Montada, Schmitt’s questionnaire (1987) “General Belief in a Just World” (GBJW (a=0.65)). For the adaptation procedure of GBJW and PBJW surveys questionnaires of 800 participants were selected from 5 various groups: female prisoners (n=166); male prisoners (n=201); males not put on trial (n=226); English philology students of Daugavpils University (n=98); random law-obedient male and female sample (n=103). Cranach’s Alpha criterion results range from 0.67 to 0.832 that indicates quite high consistence of separate questions of the questionnaire. Two-factor structure verifies the results of the previous researches and suggests that it is necessary to distinguish between general and personal belief in a just world for the researches on the just world. In addition, the results revealed that personal belief in a just world is assessed higher than general one. On the basis of the performed test the linguistically adapted version of the questionnaire can be recommended for usage within various social groups, including both law-obedient respondents, and imprisoned respondents.
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