НАВЧАЛЬНО-ВИХОВНИЙ ПРОЦЕС У КАДЕТСЬКИХ КОРПУСАХ ЯК ПЕДАГОГIЧНА ПРОБЛЕМА ТА ОБ’ЄКТ ДОСЛIДЖЕННЯ
The educational process in the cadet corps as a pedagogical problem and object of the research
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This article investigates the issues related to the organization of the educational process in the cadet corps of the Russian Empire in the Ukrainian provinces in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. This unique experience gained in the military school is of great importance for military-patriotic, spiritual and moral education of the younger generation. The basic stages of the formation and development of training and education of the cadets are given. The process of training and education of cadets underwent changes at each stage of the historical development of the cadet corps. Thus, at the initial stage of the formation and development of cadet education for a long time there was no single system of the rules and requirements for training in the cadet corps, each corps installed and used its norms of the educational process. Sothe cadet corps achieved this goal in different ways. The curriculum for the cadet corps was first established on the grounds of the experience of the cadet corps of Denmark and Prussia, along with special military items there were included the subjets based on accurate, natural sciences and humanities. Since Peter’s Table of Ranks in tsarist Russia there was no hard line between military and civilian agencies. The transition from military service to civilian service or even increasing rank was not anything special. Accordingly, the system of education and training in the cadet corps was created on the basis of these features, and the number of the subjects taught in them was great. The examples of training programs and modifications that took place in them over the years and changes in the state leadership and the Department of military schools are presented. Thus, at the time of Imperial Cadet education is seen as the only national educational system integrated military training. Its purpose was to prepare educated, working, loyal military officer oath, which could continue in the service of military-scientific self-education. The level of the educational process in the cadet corps is largely dependent on the selection of qualified teaching staff. The guide cadet corps in Ukraine attracted to teaching work in these military schools corps of the teachers of Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odessa universities and local schools.
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