СОЦІАЛЬНИЙ ЗАХИСТ ДІТЕЙ У ШКІЛЬНОМУ СЕРЕДОВИЩІ (ГЕНДЕРНИЙ АСПЕКТ)
Social protection of children in school environment (gender aspect)
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Nowadays, in the circumstances of driving changes in our state, conceptual transformations are required in all spheres of social life, including education. Modern psychological and educational researches are focused on such topical issues as the search for a harmonious combination of traditional and innovative approaches in learning, introduction of the IT technologies into the educational process, humanization of education, ensuring its high quality, diversification of the forms of training, focus on the individual, differentiated approach, creation of the optimal conditions for child development, etc. School is one of the most important stages in the educational process, and besides the educational functions, it acts as an agent of human socialization, directing them in performing of certain social roles, norms and behavioral rules, etc. In order to form the physical, spiritual and intellectual development of the individual, school has to provide a feeling of psychological and social protection to every child. The gender issue takes one of the most important places in the creation of the new educational paradigm. The article actualizes the problem of the social protection of children in the school environment, focuses attention on the importance of the gender component as one of the conditions for the violence prevention against a child. By using such techniques as structural analysis, synthesis, systematization of data, the attention was drawn to the fact that our country is in need of civilized reforms in order to prevent violence in the society, in particular in the educational environment, the importance of the gender aspects in the educational space as one of the means of preventing violence in the community was emphasized, the example of school textbook of Ukrainian literature was used to illustrate the existing gender asymmetry and stressed the importance of gender sensitivity for upbringing physically, morally and intellectually healthy child. There was accentuated the idea, that the incorporation of gender component in the educational content will help educate gender-aware person, whose horizons of thinking are not limited by stereotypical conceptions of dividing the social roles according to sex. The ways of further scientific pursuit in a given direction were outlined.
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