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2015 | 4 | 121-134
Article title

Intellectual Empathy as a Socio-Cultural Facet of Communication: The Case of English Modals from the Perspective of Polish

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The paper addresses the issue of compatibility between the speaker’s intention and the hearer’s expectations in a communicative act as an issue related to what I would like to call “intellectual empathy.” The immediate inspiration for the topic is the following quotation from Susan M. Ervin-Tripp (1964: 93): “The possibility of insult and of humor based on linguistic choices means that members agree on the underlying rules of speech and on the social meaning of linguistic features.” Langacker’s Cognitive Grammar allows us to accommodate the extra-linguistic facets of meaning construction, thus to identify the role of the speaker/hearer’s cooperation in the construction and reconstruction of meaning in a particular usage context, the role that is dependent on the degree of intellectual empathy between the speech act participants. English modals have been selected as an aspect of the language illustrating the relevance of linguistic choices resulting from socio-cultural determinants behind intellectual empathy.
Contributors
  • Academy of Humanities and Economics in Łódź
References
  • Butler, Christopher S. (1982) The Directive Function of the English Modals. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Nottingham: University of Nottingham.
  • Coates, Jennifer (1983) The Semantics of Modal Auxiliaries. London: Croom Helm.
  • Coates, Jennifer, Geoffrey Leech (1980) “The Meanings of the Modals in Modern British and American English.” [In:] York Papers in Linguistics 8; 23–34.
  • Ervin-Tripp, Susan M. (1964) “Sociolinguistics.” [In:] Leonard Berkovitz (ed.) Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. Vol 4. New York: Academic Press; 93–107.
  • Hofmann, T. R. (1966) Past Tense Replacement and the Modal System (Harvard University Computation Lab, Report 17). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Computation Laboratory.
  • Kardela, Henryk, Zbysław Muszyński, Maciej Rajewski (2012) Kognitywistyka: Empatia, obrazowanie i kontekst jako kategorie kognitywistyczne. Lublin: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego.
  • Kubiński, Wojciech (2012) “Empatia: kluczowe podejście dla kognitywnej analizy dyskursu?” [In:] Henryk Kardela, Zbysław Muszyński, Maciej Rajewski. Kognitywistyka: Empatia, obrazowanie i kontekst jako kategorie kognitywistyczne. Lublin: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego; 167–179.
  • Lakoff, George, Marc Johnson (1980) Metaphors We Live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Langacker, Ronald W. (1987) Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. 1: Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Langacker, Ronald W. (1990) “Subjectification.” [In:] Cognitive Linguistics 1; 5–38.
  • Langacker, Ronald W. (1991) Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. 2: Descriptive Applications. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Langacker, Ronald W. (1999) Grammar and Conceptualization. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Langacker, Ronald W. (2001) “Discourse in Cognitive Grammar.” [In:] Cognitive Linguistics 12 (2); 143–188.
  • Leech, Geoffrey, Jennifer Coates (1979) “Semantic Indeterminacy and the Modals.” [In:] Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik (eds.) Studies in English Linguistics for Randolph Quirk. London, New York: Longman; 79–90.
  • Lyons, John (1977) Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Palmer, Frank R. (1979) Modality and the English Modals. London: Longman.
  • Sweetser, Eve (1984) The Semantic Structure and Semantic Change: A Cognitive Linguistic Study of Modality, Perception, Speech Acts and Logical Relations. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Berkeley: University of Berkeley.
  • Turewicz, Kamila (2000) Applicability of Cognitive Grammar as a Foundation of Pedagogical/Reference Grammar. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.
  • Turewicz, Kamila (2005) “From Usage Based Model to Intellectual Empathy: A Three Level Approach to Modal Meanings.” Paper presented at the conference Converging and diverging tendencies in Cognitive Linguistics, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17–18 October, 2005.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-fa4b286a-a2db-41f8-bbff-5bcc6c6e1333
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