“Deborah, the wife of Lappidoth, was a prophet who was judging Israel at that time” (Jdg 4:4). Using these words the autor of Judges had presented a new hero of the book to his recipients, readers and to us as well. Such solemn and long „introduction” may surprises for several reasons, including the fact that in one, so short verse have been collected and concentrated almost all titles bound up with the protagonist of the Jdg 4–5. The author of the article tries to explain the meaning of these honorable titles and convince that their application to Deborah is fully justified. The article consists of three parts. First, the author presents (1) the main problems associated with the dating of Jdg 5 and the relationship of the Song of Deborah to Jdg 4, then he shows Deborah as (2) the judge, and as (3) the prophetess, who became the “mother in Israel”.