PL EN


2015 | 61 | 49-61
Article title

Monety brązowe w rzymskich prowincjach nad dolnym Dunajem w połowie III wieku. Studium obiegu

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Bronze coins in the Roman provinces on the Lower Danube in the middle of the 3rd century. Studies on coin circulation
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Wyniki prac archeologicznych na terenach dawnych rzymskich prowincji naddunajskich stworzyły możliwość badań nad ogólnym modelem cyrkulacji monet w prowincjach rzymskich w połowie III w. n.e. Prezentowane opracowanie dotyczy obiegu monet brązowych na terenie prowincji nad dolnym Dunajem. Analiza porównawcza została wykonana na podstawie materiałów z Dacji oraz sąsiednich prowincji. Punktem odniesienia dla danych numizmatycznych są charakterystyczne wydarzenia historyczne, takie jak ewakuacja prowincji Dacji przez rzymską administrację, wewnętrzne i zewnętrzne niepokoje na wskazanych terenach.
EN
Archaeological research into the Roman Danubian provinces forms an interesting basis for studies on general model of coin circulation in Roman provinces in the middle of the 3rd century. The article presents an analysis of bronze coin circulation in the Lower Danube region. From the end of the 1st century until the reign of Valerian I and Gallienus the central imperial mint was in Rome. After 196 the status of these Eastern mints changed from independent mints to that of branches of the Roman mint in Rome. It is generally agreed that from the joint rule of Valerian I and Gallienus onwards, Roman imperial monetary policy moved towards a process of decentralization. From this point of view, the provinces from the Lower Danube, Pannonia, Moesia and Dacia, provide an excellent example. Until the reign of Septimius Severus the coin finds show a similar pattern concerning the coin supply in this area. The mint of Rome has pride of place in coin supply. Other mints represented in the coin finds are the Greek cities, such coins are extremely infrequent low, and they are almost all bronze. The increase in the quantity of silver coinage was followed by a lack of bronze coinage. The low production of bronze denominations issued by the central mint at Rome could have been noted already in the reign of Commodus, especially as regards the lower denominations, the dupondius and as. The coin finds from this area show an even a stronger decrease as regards the frequency of the finds of central bronze denominations for the period of Septimius Severus and his successors. The phenomenon was not something specific only to the Middle and Lower Danube, but also to other parts of the Empire. In the case of Britannia, it has been established that, in fact, there was a shortage of bronze coinage from the central mint during the reign of Septimius Severus. As a consequence of this situation the denominations (the bronze coinage) in which change was given for day-to-day market transactions, is, therefore, is not surprising, and nor the fact that the so-called “emergency-money” is more frequently found in this period. The so-called limesfalsa coins, cast coins of bad quality of bronze alloy and lighter weight than the genuine coins, are more frequently found for the reign of Septimius Severus. If these coins were issued with or without the permission of either central imperial or local authority, or if they are regarded as faked coins is still difficult to stay. Concerning the topic of this study, an interesting aspect occurred during the reigns of Commodus and the first Severans, Septimius and Caracalla. The percentage of Greek civic coins issued in the period 180-218 circulating in the province of Moesia Inferior is extremely high compared to adjacent provinces. Although it has been suggested that this situation is a result of imperial visits in this region, in fact we might here have an example of the monetary and political abilities of the Imperial house.
Year
Volume
61
Pages
49-61
Physical description
Dates
published
2015
Contributors
author
References
  • Alföldy-Gǎzdac A. i Gǎzdac C. 2002-2003. The coinage „PROVINCIA DACIA” – a coinage for one Provence Orly (AD. 246-257)?. “Acta Musei Napocensis” 39, 247-258.
  • Alföldy-Gǎzdac A. i Gǎzdac C. 2008. The management of a monetary crisis? The “P M S COL VIM” and “PROVINCIA DACIA” coinages in the Roman monetary policy of the 3rd century AD. “Numismatische Zeitschrift”, 135-171.
  • Ardevan R. 1993. Circulația monetarǎ ȋn aşezarea romanǎ de la Gherla. “Ephemeris Napocensis” 3, 111-113.
  • Bruun C. 1978. Site finds and hoarding behavior. W: Carson R., Kraay C.M. (eds.), Scripta Nummaria Romana: Essays Presented to Humphrey Sutherland. London, 114-123.
  • Callu J. P. 1969. La politique monétaire des empereurs romains de 238 à 311. Paris.
  • Carson R. 1965. The reform of Aurelian. “Revue Numismatique” 7, 225-235.
  • Crawford M. 1978. Ancient Devaluations: a General Theory, Les “dévaluations” à Rome. Epoque républicaine et imperial. “Collection de l’École Française de Rome” 37, 147-158.
  • Gǎzdac C. 2002a. Monetary Circulation in Dacia and the Provinces from the Middle and Lower Danube from Trajan to Constantine I (AD 106-337). Cluj-Napoca.
  • Gǎzdac C. 2002b. Monetary circulation and the abandonment of the auxiliary forts from Dacia. W: P. Freeman (ed.), Proceedings of the XVIIIth Roman Frontier Congress Amman, Jordan. September 2000. Oxford, 737-756 [British Archaeological Reports 1084].
  • Gǎzdac C. 2003. Patterns of monetary circulation in Dacia and the Lower Danube region from Trajan to Constantine I. “Acta Musei Napocensis” 40, 187-208.
  • Gǎzdac C. 2006. The coinage and the Roman conquest of Dacia. A comparative study by sites: Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, Porolissum, Ovilava, Carnuntum, Poetovio. W: E. S. Teodor i O. entea (eds.), Dacia Augusti provincia, crearea provinciei. Actele simpozionului desfǎşurat n 13-14 octombrie 2006 la Muzeul Național de Istorie a României, Bucureşti. Bucureşti, 483-495.
  • Gǎzdac C. 2008. Aspects of coin circulation in Roman Dacia. W: A. Bursche, R. Ciołek i R. Wolters (eds.), Roman Coins outsider the Empire. Ways and Phases, Contexts and Functions. Proceedings of the ESF/SCH Exploratory Workshop Radziwiłł Palace, Nieborów (Poland) 3-6 September 2005. Wetteren, 269-294.
  • Gǎzdac C. i Alföldy-Gǎzdac A. 2001. The Roman law against counterfeiting between theory and practice: the case of Roman Dacia. “Acta Musei Napocensis” 38, 137-154.
  • Gǎzdac C. i Cociş S. 2004. Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa. Cluj-Napoca.
  • Gǎzdac C. i Gudea N. 2006. Porolissum. Cluj-Napoca.
  • Gǎzdac C. i Isac D. 2007. The Roman Auxiliary Forts of SAMVM (Cǎşeiu) and Gilǎu. Cluj-Napoca.
  • Gǎzdac C. i Zǎgreanu R. 2008. Reinterpreting the numismatic evidence. A methodological case study: the auxiliary fort from Gherla (Cluj county, Romania). “Cercetǎri de numismaticǎ” 14, 175-180.
  • Gǎzdac C. i Suciu V. 2009. Apulum. Cluj-Napoca.
  • Gudea N. 1994. Dacia Porolissensis n timpul rǎzboaielor marcomanice. “Acta Musei Porolissensis” 18, 67-93.
  • Gudea N. 1996. Porolissum. Un complex daco-roman la marginea de nord a Imperiului Roman. II. Vama romanǎ. Monografie arheologicǎ. Contribuții la cunoaşterea sistemului vamal din provinciile dacice. Cluj-Napoca.
  • Hedeager L. 1978. A quantitative analysis of Roman imports in Europe North of the limes (0-400 A.D.), and the question of Roman-Germanic exchange. W: K. Kristiansen i C. Paludan-Müller (eds.), New Directions in Scandinavian Archaeology, Lyngby. Odense, 191-216.
  • Hedeager L. 1987. Empire, frontier and the barbarian hinterland: Rome and northern Europe from AD 1-400. W: M. J. Rowlands, C. S. Larsen i K. Kristiansen (eds.), Centre and Periphery in the Ancient World. Cambridge, 125-140.
  • King C. E. 1976. The Value of Hoards and Site Finds in Relation to Monetary Circulation in the Late 3rd and early 4th centuries AD. Franfurt am Main, Bad Homburg [Studien zur Fundmünzen der Antike 1].
  • King C. E. 1996. Roman copies. W: C. E. King i D. Wigg (eds.), Coin Finds and Coin Use in the Roman World: the thirteenth Oxford Symposium on Coinage and Monetary History, 25-27.3.1993: a NATO advanced research workshop. Berlin, 237-263 [Studien zur Fundmünzen der Antike 10].
  • Mac Dowall D. W. 1979. The Western Coinage of Nero. New York [American Numismatic Society Numismatic Notes and Monographs 161].
  • Martin F. 1992. Kolonialprägungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia. Budapest.
  • Russu I. I. 1977. Inscriiile Daciei Romane. Oltenia şi Muntenia, 3. Bucureşti.
  • Stângâ I. 1998. Viaa economicâ la Drobeta n secolele II-VI p. Ch. “Bibliotheca Thracologica” Bucureşti,144-187.
  • Suciu V. 2000. Quelques considerations sur les trésors monétaires de la Dacie romaine. W: H. Ciugudean i V. Moga (eds.) Army and Urban Development in the Danubian Provinces of the Roman Empire. Alba Iulia, 323-332.
  • Tudor D. 1971. Podurile romane de la Dunǎrea de Jos. Bucureşti, 17-19.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
0065-0986
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-fb41679a-e97c-4360-b811-9433680f4339
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.