Трансформация президентской власти в Казахстане: выбор между демократией и социально-политической стабильностью
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During the period of independence, Kazakhstan has undergone a transformation from the Soviet-parliamentary to the presidential model of the Republic with elements of the monarchy (a certain Asian Sultanate). The geopolitical position and environment of Kazakhstan influenced the institutionalization of strong presidential power in exchange for “political stability” not only within the country but also in the Central Asian region. In Kazakhstan, the role of a leading political institution is played by the President. Today, the country’s key political decision-making is confined to the head of state. The lack of real separation of powers, political pluralism, low level of political and party culture during the transition of power from the current permanent President of Kazakhstan to the new head of state contains political and constitutional risks. Kazakhstan is looking for a legal model of conflict-free transition of power from the first President of Kazakhstan to the next. The adoption of The law “on the Security Council” is an attempt to “integrate” another state body into the constitutional system of power, which should complement the system of checks and balances, as well as become a “safety cushion” during the transit of power.
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