Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2014 | 2(284) | 255-275

Article title

Czy Bernhard Schimd (1872-1947), ostatni niemiecki konserwator zamku malborskiego, był nazistą?


Title variants

Languages of publication



In the article are the political views of the great German Bernhard Schmid conservator, architect and art historian, who were inextricably linked with the turbulent times in which he lived and worked. As a descendant of ancestors who came to Pomerania and Powiśle aer the partition of Poland, he considered these lands as purely German, for which Germany shed their blood for centuries. Until the year 1918 he was a member of the Conservative Party, and in the years 1918–1933 to Deutschnationale Partei. His was forced to adhere to the Nazi Party, which took place in 1937. Did not mean full acceptance of Hitler’s regime. On the basis of the denazifikation files and other sources, the author was able to come to the final conclusion that the methods of the Nazi party and the desire to build next to the castle of the Teutonic a training center for young talent NSDAP quarreled largely with his conservative-nationalist views, but even and Schmid underwent a certain degree of influence of Nazi power chauvinism. On the other hand, Bernhard Schmid is seen as an opponent of the Nazis destructive interference in the religious affairs of the church. Even as a non-party person was removed from the work of the diocesan synod and omitted in the election of representatives to the “Deutsche Evangelische Kirchenbundtag” as a result of the intrigues of Malbork members of the “Deutsche Christen”. Local Nazis considered him to be an old conservative, who was previously a member of the “Positive Union”, antiliberal mainstream, conservative, similar to a group called “Konfessionellen”.





Physical description



Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.