Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2012 | 1 | 1 | 15-22

Article title

The Physical Education Profession in Canada


Title variants

Languages of publication



This paper reports on the state of the physical education profession in Canada. Professional physical educators have long been integral staff members in both the public and private education systems as well as in the teacher education programs within the universities. Despite the absence of a national policy to which provinces and territories are accountable, physical educators in Canada are increasingly better prepared due, in part, to strict requirements for enrolment into pre-service teacher education programs and the presence of comprehensive training programs for in-service teachers. The physical education profession in Canada has undergone a remarkable transformation since the mid-1800s; yet, several issues and challenges in the physical education profession remain and could benefit from innovations and future research.








Physical description




  • Brock University, Ontario, Canada
  • Brock University, Ontario, Canada


  • 1. Active Healthy Kids Canada. (2010). 2010 active healthy kids report card on physical activity for children and youth. Retrieved April 29, 2010 from http://www.activehealthykids.ca/ReportCard/2010ReportCardOverview.aspx
  • 2. Alberta Centre for Active Living. (2007). How much physical education (PE) do children need in school? Retrieved March 22, 2010 from http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/chn/faq/phys-ed.html
  • 3. BC Teachers’ Federation. (2010). Professional development. Retrieved March 23, 2010 from http://bctf.ca/ProfessionalDevelopment.aspx
  • 4. Bechtel P.A., O’Sullivan M. (2006). Chapter 2: Effective professional development—What we now know. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 25(4), 363–378.
  • 5. Belka D.E. (1994). Teaching children games: Becoming a master teacher. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  • 6. Brock University. (2010a). 2009-2010 undergraduate calendar: Education—Teacher Education. Retrieved March 28, 2010 from http://www.brocku.ca/webcal/2009/undergrad/edte.html
  • 7. Brock University. (2010b). Continuing teacher education. Retrieved March 28, 2010 from http://www.brocku.ca/education/currentstudents/contteachered
  • 8. Canadian Teachers’ Federation. (2010a). Becoming a teacher. Retrieved March 23, 2010 from http://www.ctf-fce.ca/TIC/Default.aspx?sid=625890
  • 9. Canadian Teachers’ Federation. (2010b). Certification regulations by province/territory. Retrieved: March 23, 2010 from http://www.ctf-fce.ca/TIC/Default.aspx?SID=625894
  • 10. Cosentino F., Howell M.L. (1971). A history of physical education in Canada. General Publishing Company Limited: Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • 11. Crocker R., Dibbon D. (2008). Teacher education in Canada. Kelowna, BC, Canada: Society for the Advancement of Excellence in Education.
  • 12. DeCorby K., Halas J., Dixon S. Wintrup L., Lanzen H. (2005). Classroom teachers and the challenges of de-livering quality physical education. „The Journal of Educational Research”, 98(4), 208–220.
  • 13. Fenstermacher G., Berliner D. (1983). A conceptual framework for the analysis of staff development. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
  • 14. Government of Manitoba (2007). Mandatory physical education now in place. Retrieved: March 18, 2010 from http://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/press/top/2007/09/2007-09-05-093800-2227.html
  • 15. Levine A. (2006). Educating school teachers. Washington, DC: The Education Schools Project.
  • 16. Lodewyk K.R. (2009). Fostering critical thinking in physical education students. „Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance”, 80(8), 12–18.
  • 17. Lodewyk K.R., Lu C., Kentel J. (2009). Enacting the spiritual dimension in physical education. „The Physical Educator”, 66(4), 170–179.
  • 18. Lu C., De Lisio A. (2009a). Forget the physical and the difference is clear! Confronting the confusion surrounding Physical Education and Physical Activity. „Physical and Health Education Journal”, 75(4), 6-11.
  • 19. Lu, C., De Lisio, A. (2009b). Specifics for generalists: Teaching elementary physical education. „International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education”, 1(3), 170–187.Full text [online]: http://www.iejee.com/index.php/ojs/article/view/40/23
  • 20. Lu C., Steele K., Barrett J. (2010). Active living: To develop a school-based comprehensive physical activity programs for adolescents. Unpublished manuscript. St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada: Brock University.
  • 21. Lu C., McLean C. (2010). Health education curricula in Canada. Unpublished manuscript. St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada: Brock University.
  • 22. Mandigo J. (2005). Presenting the evidence: Quality physical education for Canadian children and youth. http://www.cahperd.ca/eng/advocacy/tools/documents/PresentingTheEvidence.pdf (Retrieved: March 28, 2010).
  • 23. Mandigo J., Francis N., Lodewyk K.R., Lopez R. (2009). Physical literacy for educators. „Physical and Health Education Journal”, 75(3), 27–30.
  • 24. Melnychuk, N., Robinson, D., Lu, C., Randall, L., Chorney, D. (2007). Researching PETE across Canada. Paper presented at the CAHPERD/CUPR 2007 Conference, Moncton, NB, Canada.
  • 25. Nova Scotia Teachers Union (2009). NSTU position paper: Member professional development. Retrieved March 23, 2010 from http://www.nstu.ca/pklot/MemberPDpaper.pdf
  • 26. Ontario College of Teachers. (2000). The professional learning framework for the teaching profession. Retrieved April 30, 2010 from http://www.oct.ca/standards/framework.aspx
  • 27. Ontario College of Teachers (2010a). Teacher education. Retrieved: March 23, 2010 from http://www.oct.ca/teacher_education/
  • 28. Ontario College of Teachers. (2010b). Thinking about teaching? Brochure. Retrieved: March 28, 2010 from http://www.oct.ca/become_a_teacher/tabat/?lang=en-CA
  • 29. Ontario College of Teachers. (2010c). Additional qualifications. Retrieved: March 28, 2010 from http://www.oct.ca/additional_qualifications/default.aspx?lang=en-CA
  • 30. Ontario Ministry of Education (2010). What do you need to graduate? Retrieved: March 22, 2010 from http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/extra/eng/ppm/graduate.html
  • 31. PHE Canada (2010a). Quality daily physical education. Retrieved March 22, 2010 from http://www.phecanada.ca/eng/physicaleducation/about_qdpe.cfm
  • 32. PHE Canada (2010b). Time to move. Retrieved: March 21, 2010 from http://www.cahperd.ca/eng/advocacy/tools/documents/TimetoMoveEnglish_crop.pdf
  • 33. TeleLearning Inc. (1999). In-service teachers professional development models in the use of information and communication technologies: A report to the SchoolNet National Advisory Board. Retrieved: March 23, 2010 from http://www.tact.fse.ulaval.ca/ang/html/pdmodels.html
  • 34. The Vancouver Sun (2008). Provinces warn of “critical” teacher surplus. Retrieved: March 27, 2010 from http://www.canada.com/vancouversun/news/story.html?id=b7820ed7-0648-48fc-97e4-04f71182b7da
  • 35. Tinning, R. (1997). Performance and participation discourses in human movement. In: J.M. Fernandez-Balboa (Ed.), Critical postmodernism in human movement, physical education, and sport (pp. 99–119). Albany, NY: SUNY.
  • 36. Tinning R. (2004). Rethinking the preparation of HPE teachers: Ruminations on knowledge, identity and ways of thinking. „Asian-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education”, 32(3), 241–253.
  • 37. Turkington H.D. (2001). Physical education in Canada. „FIEP Bulletin”, 71(1–2), 42–46.
  • 38. Wright, J. (2007). Environmental scan: Physical education, mandated physical activity, non-mandated physical activity, sport and surveillance and monitoring activities in Canada. Retrieved: March 22, 2010 from http://www.safehealthyschools.org/PA%20Env%20Scan%20-%20Dec%202006.pdf

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.