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2015 | 3(47) | 267-276

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The Formation of Senior Pupils’ Family Values in the Course of Studying the Poetry by Taras Shevchenko

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The aim of the paper is to propose text analysis techniques that contribute to the perceived mastering of the family values educational traditions on the part of the pupils by the example of Taras Shevchenko works. An emphasis will be placed on psychological and pedagogical peculiarities of perception by the ninth form pupils of Kobzar’s literary works devoted to the family issues. The methods of the research. In the process of the text analysis, the elements of receptive aesthetics and phenomenological critics are used. The paper deals with the educational influence of family ideals on senior pupils’ moral values formation in Taras Shevchenko’s poetic heritage. Attention is given to a woman’s ideal, presented in Kobzar’s poems in the images of a mother, a wife and that of a girl. The analysis of the poems with priority on family values that form common to all mankind ideals has been conducted. An accent is made on the objective, set in front of a philologist, who should be a highly qualified teacher, hence he should diverge from the stereotypes and give a comprehensive image of the Ukrainian family, presented in the poetry by T. Shevchenko. The techniques of the poetic text analysis, contributing to the perceived mastering by the pupils of the family values of educational traditions are offered. Special accent is made on psychological and pedagogical peculiarities of the ninth form pupils’ perception of Kobzar’s literary works, devoted to the family issues. The outcomes of the conducted scientific research allow to state that while analyzing family ideals in the poems by Kobzar at the Literature lesson, it is relevant for a teacher to implement the principles that provide studying the figure of a writer at school. In particular, contemporary methodologist G. Tokman’ offers implementation of such principles as historicism, aestheticism, existentialism, unity of life and creative development of a writer. In order to make Ukrainian Literature lesson consistent, well-organized and effective, a philologist will appeal to not less important Christian ideal in the poetic heritage of T. Shevchenko, introduced by Ukraine in the image of a mother. Practical value of the research lies in given methodological recommendations to the teacher of Literature that can be effectively implemented in the process of working with poetical texts. Conclusions and prospects for further scientific studies. Analyzed poetic heritage of T. Shevchenko represents the analysis of the family values in combination with Christian ideals. In the process of conducting the research, the major family images implemented by the author are ascertained; their proper interpretation in the scope of Christian virtues is given. Assumption of the family concept that is considered to be the leading topic in all poetic works of the writer has been made. The paper deals with the particular aspect of Taras Shevchenko’s poetic heritage, consequently with only one image – family values – that in further investigations requires profound research and enlargement of thematic groups.


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