Peculiarities of conducting classes with freshman of special medical group who have eye diseases
Nowadays, in conditions of the intensification and computerization of educational space, there are negative trends which influence the learning process of students and youth health. High educational load impair the work of all systems and internal organs of growing body, especially the sight, as the organs of sight succumb to constant stress. The problem of negative impact of the learning process on the student’s health is researched in the article – namely, the deterioration of sight of students of special medical group of pedagogical universities. It is stressed that disadvantage of the weakening of the eye muscles can be corrected with the help of specially developed complexes of physical exercises intended to strengthen muscles. As a result, the process of progress blurred vision is often suspended or slowed down. The analysis of the results of medical and pedagogical control showed that the number of students of pedagogical university, who have deviations in health such as defect of vision during four years has increased; limitation of physical activity of students referred to special medical group who have vision problems, and excessive physical loading has an adverse effect on the body. Based on the results of medical examination of freshman, we determined the dynamics of nosology of students during four years of studying in pedagogical higher education institution, the technique of physical training sessions with first-year students of special medical groups with eyes diseases was developed. It was determined that during the studying process for students who have eye diseases were conducted classes of physical education. It is appropriate to divide them into two periods – preparatory and basic, where is recommended to include all the types of exercises that do not damage sight. It should be noted that the technique of physical training for first-year students, who are assigned to special medical groups and have eye diseases are not the only; it is required further deepening of the study of mechanisms of influence of educational and research work on the body and further correction of students’ physical education in pedagogical universities with using health techniques that positively affect the organs of vision.
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