The article raises an important problem, especially in view of the presidential election planned for 2020, the inability to carry out the election due to various unpredictable events, including in particular the world coronavirus pandemic, which also affected Poland. The authors wonder, on the basis of existing legal solutions, primarily constitutional and statutory, whether the actual difficulties in holding the presidential election may be a sufficient premise for introducing a state of emergency. The latter in the Polish constitution has three forms, and one of them is a state of emergency. One of the reasons for its introduction is the threat to the constitutional system of the state, which should be understood as a threat to the functioning of the institutions and procedures contained in the current Constitution. The conclusion is that the impossibility of holding elections that would result in the staffing of the presidential office is a mere premise that allows - in the light of applicable legislation - to introduce a state of emergency. The inability to hold the elections of the head of state harms the foundations of the constitutional system and protects the state of emergency.