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2015 | 46 | 2 | 223-227
Article title

Temperament, stress, and atrial fibrillation

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In some patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the causative agent of attack is stress (AF associated with adrenergic activity). In others, AF usually begins during relax or sleep (AF associated with vagal nerve dominance). This study aimed to investigate the individual factors associated with the adrenergic or vagal type of AF. This study included 138 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Sixty-eight patients reported that AF was frequently triggered by stress (sympathetic-type AF) and 70 patients reported that AF usually began during relaxation or sleep (vagal-type AF). Gender, age, ejection fraction, and temperament were compared across the two groups. Temperament was evaluated using the Formal Characteristics of Behaviour-Temperament Inventory. The groups differed only in temperament. Patients with sympathetic-type AF had a higher score for emotional reactivity (p = 0.002) and perseverance (p = 0.002) temperament traits and a lower score for endurance (p = 0.003) than patients with vagal-type AF and than the average in population.
Year
Volume
46
Issue
2
Pages
223-227
Physical description
Dates
published
2015-06-01
online
2015-05-22
Contributors
  • Department of Arrhythmia, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
author
  • Department of Arrhythmia, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Arrhythmia, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Arrhythmia, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_1515_ppb-2015-0030
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