Is Human Reasoning Really Nonmonotonic?
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It seems that nonmonotonicity of our reasoning is an obvious truth. Almost every logician not even believes, but simply knows very well that a human being thinks in a nonmonotonic way. Moreover, a nonmono- tonicity of thinking seems to be a phenomenon parallel to the existence of human beings. Examples allegedly illustrating this phenomenon are not even analyzed today. They are simply quoted. Nowadays, this is a standard approach to nonmonotonicity. However, even simple analysis of those “obvious” examples shows that they illustrate various problems of our thinking, among which none concerns nonmonotonicity.
- Gabbay, D.M., C. J. Hogger and J.A. Robinson (eds.), Handbook ofLogic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming, Volume 3, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1994.
- Ginsberg, M. L., “AI and nonmonotonic reasoning”, pages 1-33 in Gabbay (1994).
- Poole, D., “Default logic”, pages 189-215 in Gabbay (1994).
- Makinson, D., “General patterns in nonmonotonic reasoning”, pages 35-110 in Gabbay (1994).
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