PL EN


Journal
2011 | 21 | 3 | 304-315
Article title

Protection and advancement of human rights in developing countries: Luxuries or necessities?

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The luxury-versus-necessity controversy is primarily concerned with the importance of civil and political rights vis-à-vis economic and social rights. The viewpoint of political leaders of many developing and newly industrialized countries, especially China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Indonesia is that civil and political rights are luxuries that only rich nations can afford. The United Nations, transnational civil society and the Western advanced countries oppose this viewpoint on normative and empirical grounds. While this controversy is far from over, new challenges of “evidence” and “marketization” are emerging. The first calls for a narrative on the history of civil and political rights in the West in the comparative context of the Industrial Revolution and the East Asian Miracle and China’s economic growth. The effects of the recent financial crisis and insulation of China from the Arab Spring further deepen this challenge. The marketization challenge looks at this controversy from the social exclusion angle. It argues that the basic needs covered by the minimum human rights agenda are becoming luxuries in a real sense for those who do not have the power to purchase these needs from the market.
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
21
Issue
3
Pages
304-315
Physical description
Dates
published
2011-09-01
online
2011-09-22
Contributors
author
References
  • [1] Amnesty International (2008). The UDHR and Human Rights Today. http://www.amnesty.org.au/wiki/The_UDHR_and_human_rights_today.
  • [2] Anderson (2008). Canadian pol: broadband not a luxury, but basic human right. Benton Foundation. http://www.benton.org/node/18007.
  • [3] Australian Human Rights Commission (2001). What are the International Human Rights.
  • [4] www.hreoc.gov.au/human_rights/human_rights_dialogue/international.html.
  • [5] Beetham, D. (Ed.). (1995). Politics and Human Rights. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
  • [6] Booth, K. (1995). Three Tyrannies. In Beetham, D. (Ed.). Politics and Human Rights. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 31–70.
  • [7] Chang, Ha-Joon (2002). Kicking Away the Ladder: Development Strategy in Historical Perspective. London: Anthem Press.
  • [8] Christie, K. (1995). Regime Security and Human Rights in Southeast Asia. In Beetham, D. (Ed.). Politics and Human Rights. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 204–218.
  • [9] Dine, J. (2005). Companies, International Trade and Human Rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511660139[Crossref]
  • [10] Donders, Y. M. (2002). Towards a Right to Cultural Identity. School of Human Rights Research Series. Antwerpen: Intersentia.
  • [11] Donnelly, J. (1999). The Social Construction of International Human Rights. In T. Dunne, N. Wheeler. (Eds.). Human Rights in Global Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 71–102.
  • [12] Falke, M. (2002). Community Interests: An Insolvency Objective in Transition Economies? No. 01/02. Frankfurt Institute for Transformation Studies. www.euv-frankfurt-o.de/de/forschung/institut/institut_fit/publikationen/2002/02-01-Falke.pdf.
  • [13] Filmer, D., Hammer, J., Pritchett, L. (1997). Health Policy in Poor Countries: Weak Links in the Chain. World Bank Policy Working Paper 1874. Washington DC: The World Bank.
  • [14] Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man. New York: The Free Press.
  • [15] Furuoka, Fumitaka (2005). Japan and the Flying Gees Patterns of East Asian Integration. Eastasia.at. Vol. 4. No. 1.
  • [16] Global Envision (2005). Private Education in India can Benefit Poor People. June 14. http://www.globalenvision.org/library/8/767.
  • [17] Government of Pakistan (2008). Pakistan Economic Survey 2007–08. Chapter 10: Education. Islamabad, pp. 169–179.
  • [18] Howard, R. (1983). The Full-Belly Thesis: Should Economic Rights Take Priority Over Civil and Political Rights? Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa. Human Rights Quarterly, 5, No. 4.
  • [19] I-SAPS [Institute of Social and Policy Sciences] (2010). Private Sector Education in Pakistan: Mapping and Musing. Pakistan Education Task Force: Islamabad.
  • [20] IMF (2000). Transition Economies: An IMF Perspective on Progress and Prospect. http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2000/110300.htm.
  • [21] Ishay, M.R. (Ed.). (2007). The Human Rights Reader: Major Political Papers, Speeches, and Documents from Ancient Times to the Present. Second edition. New York: Routledge.
  • [22] Ishi, Hiromitsu (1999). Trends in the Allocation of Public Expenditure in Light of Human Resource Development - Overview in Japan. In Sen, A. Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • [23] Jenkins, R. (2006). Social Exclusion of Scheduled Caste Children from Primary Education in India. New Delhi: UNICEF.
  • [24] Langlois, J. A. (2001). The Politics of Justice and Human Rights: Southeast Asia and Universalist Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • [25] Laurin, G. (2005). Statement by Ambassador Chargé d’Affaires A.I. of Canada to the United Nations to the Third Committee of the 60th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. New York. 2 November. http://geo.international.gc.ca.
  • [26] Lavigne, M. (1999). The Economics of Transition: From Socialist Economy to Market Economy. New York: Palgrave.
  • [27] Merry, S. E. (2004). Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating Iternational Law into Local Justice. London: The University of Chicago Press.
  • [28] Pritchett, L., Kaufmann, D. (1998). Civil Liberties, Democracy and the Performance of Government Projects. In Schulz, W. F. (2001). In Our Own Best Interest: How Defending Human Rights Benefits Us All. Boston: Beacon Press.
  • [29] Rajagopal, Balakrishnan (2003). International Law from Below: Development, Social Movements and Third World Resistance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511494079[Crossref]
  • [30] Robins, D. (1994). Towards a Europe of Solidarity: Combating Social Exclusion. Commission of the European Communities.
  • [31] Sarel, M. (1996). Growth in East Asia: What We Can and What We Cannot Infer. Economic Issues No.1. International Monetary Fund.
  • [32] Schuman, M. (2011). Will China have an Arab Spring? Time, May 14, 2011. http://curiouscapitalist.blogs.time.com/2011/05/24/will-china-have-an-arab-spring/
  • [33] Sen, A. (1999). Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • [34] Sen, A. (2000). Social Exclusion: Concept, Application and Scrutiny. Social Development Papers No. 1. Asian Development Bank: Manila.
  • [35] Silver, H. (1994). Reconceptualizing Social Exclusion Disadvantages: Three Paradigms of Social Exclusion. In Rogers, Gore and Figueiredo (1995). Social Exclusion: Rhetoric, Reality and Responses. Geneva: ILO Publications.
  • [36] Srinivasan, T. N. (2006). China, India and the World Economy. Economic and Political Weekly, Issue August 26, 3716–27.
  • [37] Steiner, H. J., Alston, P., Goodman, R. (2008). International Human Rights in Context: Law, Politics, Morals: Text and Materials. U.S.: Oxford University Press.
  • [38] UNDP (2000). Human Development Report 2000. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • [39] World Bank (2001). Private Sector Development Strategy: Issues and Options. Washington DC: The World Bank.
  • [40] World Bank (2008). World Development Indicators. Washington DC: The World Bank.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_2478_s13374-011-0031-7
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.