PL EN


2009 | 45 | 1 | 169-189
Article title

Comparing and Contrasting Natural Phonology, Optimality Theory and the Theory of Phonology as Human Behavior

Authors
Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper compares and contrasts the theories of Natural Phonology, Optimality Theory and Phonology as Human Behavior from diverse theoretical and methodological aspects including: the interaction between the opposing forces of markedness (the human factor) and faithfulness (the communication factor); the sentence-oriented versus sign-oriented approaches; and the concepts of naturalistic versus generative research paradigms. Despite these basic differences, similarities are also found in their shared functional basis which is discussed in the context of the natural phonological processes of Natural Phonology. I will further show how each theory views the notion of language universals. The concepts of combinatory phonology, phonotactics, and diachronic, developmental and clinical phonology will be discussed as measures of defining and determining the concept of language universals. The author maintains that biological, physiological, cognitive, psychological, sociological and other universals of human behavior are merely reflected in language rather than being specific "language universals" per se.
Publisher
Year
Volume
45
Issue
1
Pages
169-189
Physical description
Dates
published
2009-03-01
online
2009-05-14
Contributors
author
  • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva
References
  • Adam, G. 2002. From variable to optimal grammar: Evidence from language acquisition and language change. (Unpublished PhD dissertation, Tel-Aviv University.)
  • Ali, S. E. and Sh. Sh. Hameed. 2007. "Phonology as human behavior: The case of the definite article al in the Taiz dialect of Yemeni Arabic". Paper presented at the Ninth International Columbia School Conference on the Interaction of Linguistic Form and Meaning with Human Behavior, February 19, 2007.
  • Andrews, E. and Y. Tobin (eds.). 1996. Towards a calculus of meaning: Studies in markedness, distinctive features and deixis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Archangeli, D. and T. Langendoen. 1997. Optimality theory: An overview. London: Blackwell.
  • Adi-Bensaid, L. 2006. The prosodic development of Hebrew-speaking hearing impaired children. (Unpublished PhD dissertation, Tel-Aviv University.)
  • Adi-Bensaid, L. and O. Bat-El. 2004. "The development of the prosodic word in the speech of a hearing impaired child with a cochlear implant device". Journal of Multilingual Communication Disorders 2. 187-206.
  • Azim, A. 1989. "Some problems in the phonology of modern standard Urdu". Paper presented at the First International Conference on Columbia School Linguistics, August 24, 1989.
  • Azim, A. 1993. "Problems of aspiration in modern standard Urdu". Paper presented at the Third International Conference on Columbia School Linguistics, October 11, 1993.
  • Azim, A. 1995. "The phonology of the vocalic systems of modern standard Urdu". Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Columbia School Linguistics.
  • Azim, A. 1997. "Revisiting the phonology of the vocalic systems of modern standard Urdu". Paper presented at the Fifth International Conference on Columbia School Linguistics, February 16, 1997.
  • Ben-David, A. 2001. Language acquisition and phonological theory: Universal and variable processes across children and across languages. (Unpublished PhD dissertation, Tel-Aviv University.)
  • Boersma, P. 1998. Functional phonology. The Hague: LOT/Holland Academic Graphics.
  • Bogacka, A. 2007. "Clarifications about Natural Phonology". In: Trouvain, J. and W.J. Barry (eds.). 99-102.
  • Chomsky, N. 1957. Syntactic structures. Berlin: Mouton.
  • Contini-Morava E. and B. Sussman Goldberg (eds.). 1995. Meaning as explanation: Advances in linguistic sign theory. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter
  • Contini-Morava, E. and Y. Tobin (eds.). 2000. Between grammar and lexicon. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Contini-Morava, E., R.S. Kirsner and B. Rodriguez-Bachiller (eds.). 2004. Cognitive and communicative approaches to linguistic analysis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Davis, J. 1987. "A combinatory phonology of Italian". Columbia University Working Papers in Linguistics 8. 1-99.
  • Davis, J., R.J. Gorup and N. Stern. 2006. Advances in functional linguistics: Columbia school beyond its origins. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Deker, A. and B. de Jonge. 2006. "Phonology as human behavior: The case of Peninsular Spanish". In: Reid et al. (eds.). 131-142.
  • Diver, W. 1975. "Introduction". Columbia University Working Papers in Linguistics 2. 1-20
  • Diver, W. 1979. "Phonology as human behavior". In: Aaronson, D. and P. Reiber (eds.), Psycholinguistic research: Implications and applications. Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 161-186.
  • Diver, W. 1980. "The ecology of language". Columbia University Working Papers in Linguistics 5. 1-5.
  • Diver, W. 1981. "On defining the discipline". Columbia University Working Papers in Linguistics 6. 59-117.
  • Diver, W. 1993. "The phonology of extremes: The correlation of initials and finals". Paper presented at the Third International Columbia School Conference, October 11, 1993.
  • Diver, W. 1995. "The theory". In: Contini-Morava, E. and B. Goldberg (eds.). 43-114.
  • Donegan, P. and D. Stampe. 1979. "The study of Natural Phonology". In: Dinnsen, D.A. (ed.), Current approaches to phonological theory. Bloomington: IUP. 126-173.
  • Dreer, I. 2006. "Phonology as human behavior: A combinatory phonology of Bylerussian". In: Reid et al. (eds.). 107-130.
  • Dressler, W. 1996. "Principles of naturalness in phonology and across components". In: Hurch, B. and R. Rhodes (eds.), Natural Phonology: The state of the art. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 41-52.
  • Dressler, W., W. Mayertaler, O. Panagl and W.U. Wurzel (eds.). 1987. Leitmotifs in Natural Phonology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Dziubalska-Kołaczyk, K. 2001. "Phonotactic constraints are preferences". In: Dziubalska-Kołaczyk, K. (ed.), Constraints and preferences. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 69-100.
  • Dziubalska-Kołaczyk, K. 2002. Beats-and-Binding Phonology. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.
  • Dziubalska-Kołaczyk, K. and J. Przedlacka (eds.). 2005. English pronunciation models: A changing scene. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.
  • Dziubalska-Kołaczyk, K. 2007. "Natural Phonology: Universal principles for the study of language (insiders meet outsiders.)". In: Trouvain, J. and W.J. Barry (eds.). 71-75.
  • Dziubalska-Kołaczyk, K. and J. Weckwerth. 2003. Future challenges for natural linguistics. München: Lincolm.
  • Enbe, C., J. Gurlekian and Y. Tobin. 2006. "A laboratory analysis of suprasegmental features in normal and pathological speech of Buenos Aires Spanish according to the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". In: Diaz-Campos, M. (ed.), Proceedings of the Second Conference on Laboratory Approaches to Spanish Phonetics and Phonology. Cascadilla Press. 83-105.
  • Enbe, C. and Y. Tobin. 2007. "Sociolinguistic variation in the intonation of Buenos Aires Spanish". Sociolinguistic Studies 1(3). 347-382.
  • Fatihi, A.R. 2005. "The economy of articulation in Mewati phonology". Language in India 5. 1-8.
  • Fatihi, A.R. 2007. "Using Columbia-School framework to describe speech errors of hearing impaired Hindi-Urdu-speaking children". Paper presented at the Ninth International Columbia School Conference on the Interaction of Linguistic Form and Meaning with Human Behavior, February 19, 2007.
  • Flores, N. 1997. "The distribution of post-vocalic phonological units in Spanish". Paper presented at the Fifth International Conference on Columbia School Linguistics, February 15, 1997.
  • Fuks, O. and Y. Tobin. 2008. "The signs b- and b-bent in Israeli Sign Language according to the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". International Journal of Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics 22(4-5). 391-400.
  • Gibbon, D. 2007. "Formal is natural: Towards an Ecological Phonology". In: Trouvain, J. and W.J. Barry (eds.). 83-88.
  • Goad, H. 1996. "Consonant harmony in child language: An Optimality-Theoretic account". In: Hannahs, S.J. and M. Young-Scholten (eds.), Focus on phonological acquisition. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 113-142.
  • Green, H. and Y. Tobin. 2008. "The intonation patterns of Hebrew-speaking children with High Functioning Autism". Proceedings of the 4th Speech Prosody conference, Campinas Brazil, May 7, 2008. 327-240/CD ROM.
  • Green, H. and Y. Tobin. 2008. "A phonetic analysis of the prosody of Hebrew-speaking children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum disorders". Paper presented at the 18th International Congress of Linguists, Seoul Korea, July 21-26, 2008.
  • Grunwell, P. 1987. Clinical phonology. (2nd ed.) London: Croom Helm.
  • Hameed, S. 2004. "Interaction of physiology and communication in the make-up and distribution of stops in Lucknow Urdu". In: Contini-Morava, E. et al. (eds.). 277-288.
  • Ingram, D. 1989. Phonological disability in children. (2nd ed.) London: Cole and Whurr.
  • Halpern, O. and Y. Tobin. 2008. "‘Non-Vocalisation’ - A phonological error process in the speech of severely and profoundly hearing impaired adults according to the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". International Journal of Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics 22(10-11). 824-834.
  • Jabeen, Sh. Sh. 1993. Economy of articulation in the phonology of Bihar Urdu. (Unpublished PhD dissertation, Aligarch Moslem University, U.P., India.)
  • Jakobson, R.O. 1941. "Kindersprache, Aphasie und allgemeine Lautgesetze". Uppsala Universiteits Arsskift 1. 1-83.
  • Joue, G. and N. Collier. 2006. "Functional motivations for the sound patterns of English non-lexical interjections". In: Reid et al. (eds.). 143-162.
  • Kager, R. 1999. Optimality Theory. London: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kuhn, T. 1962. The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Liberman, A. 1991. "Postscript". In: Trubetzkoy, N., The legacy of Genghis Kahn. Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications. 295-375.
  • Maddieson, I. 2006. "In search of universals". In: Mairal, R. and J. Gil (eds.), Linguistic universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 80-100.
  • Maddieson, I. 2007. "Phonology, naturalness and universals". In: Trouvain, J. and W.J. Barry (eds.). 77-82.
  • Martinet, A. 1955. Économie des changements phonétiques: Traité de phonologie diachronique. Bern: Éditions A. Franke.
  • McCarthy, J. 2002. A thematic guide to Optimality Theory. Cambirdge: Cambridge University Press.
  • McCarthy, J. 2003. Optimality Theory in phonology: A reader. London: Blackwell.
  • McCarthy, J. 2008. Doing Optimality Theory: Applying theory to data. London: Blackwell
  • Miyakoda, H. 2003. "The theory of Phonology as Human Behavior: A focus on Japanese speech errors". Sophia Linguistica 50. 197-209.
  • Moore, K. 1991. "A taxonomy of pauses in Finnish". Studies in Logopedics and Phonetics 2. Sereies B: Phonetics, Logopedics and Speech Communication 3. 145-150.
  • Moore, K. 1992. "Developmental disfluencies in preschool children". In: Granstrom, B. and L. Nord (eds.), Nordic prosody VI. Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksell International. 173-181.
  • Ohala, J.J. 1983. "The origin of sound patterns in vocal tract constraints". In: McNeilage, P. (ed.), The production of speech. Berlin: Springer. 189-216.
  • Połczyńska-Fiszer, M. 2007. First and second language dysarthria in TBI patients after prolonged coma. (Unpublished PhD thesis, Adam Mickiewicz University.)
  • Reid, W. 1991. Verb and noun number in English. London: Longman.
  • Reid, W., R. Otheguy and N. Stern (eds.). 2000. Signal, meaning and message: Perspectives on sign-based linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Sampson, G. 1980. Schools of linguistics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  • Saussure, F. de. 1916/1972. Cours de linguistique générale. Paris: Payot.
  • Schocken. B. 2008. A supporting system for lip-reading for hearing-impaired-users. (Unpublished PhD dissertation, Tel-Aviv University.)
  • Schocken, B., N. Geri, S. Neumann and Y. Tobin. 2008. "An attention economy perspective on the effectiveness of incomplete information". Informing Science: The International Journal of an International Transdiscipline 11. 1-15.
  • Stampe, D. 1969. "The acquisition of phonetic representation". Chicago Linguistic Society 5. 443-453.
  • Stampe, D. 1972/1979. A dissertation on Natural Phonology. New York: Garland.
  • Tobin, Y. 1986. "Review of Geoffrey Sampson: Schools of Linguistics". Lingua 68. 99-108.
  • Tobin, Y. (ed.). 1988. The Prague School and its legacy. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Tobin, Y. 1990a. Semiotics and linguistics. London: Longman.
  • Tobin, Y. 1990b. "A combinatory phonology of the Hebrew triconsonantal (CCC) root system". La Linguistique 26(1). 99-114.
  • Tobin, Y. 1990c. "Principles for a contrastive phonotactics: The Hebrew triconsonantal (CCC) root system a case in point". Papers and Studies in Contrastive Linguistics 26. 137-153.
  • Tobin, Y. 1993. Aspect in the English verb: Process and result in language. London: Longman.
  • Tobin, Y. 1994. Invariance, markedness and distinctive feature analysis: A contrastive study of sign systems in English and Hebrew. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  • Tobin, Y. (ed.). 1995. "Phonology as human behavior: Theoretical implications and cognitive and clinical applications". Special Issue of Dibur u-Shmiya 18: Speech and Hearing Disorders. The Professional Journal of the Israeli Speech, Language and Hearing Association. Tel-Aviv: The Israel Speech and Hearing Association.
  • Tobin, Y. 1997. Phonology as Human Behavior: Theoretical implications and clinical applications. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
  • Tobin, Y. 2000a. "Phonology as Human Behavior: Initial consonant clusters across languages". In: Reid et al. (eds.). 191-255.
  • Tobin, Y. 2000b "Comparing and contrasting Optimality Theory with the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". The Linguistic Review 17(2-4). 303-322.
  • Tobin, Y. 2004. "Between phonology and lexicon: The Hebrew triconsonantal (CCC) root system revolving around/r/ C-r-C". In: Contini-Morava, E. et al. (eds.). 289-323.
  • Tobin, Y. 2006. "Phonology as human behavior: Inflectional systems in English". In: Davis, J. et al. (eds.). 63-86.
  • Tobin, Y. 2007a. "A semiotic view of signed versus spoken language". Actas-l del X Simposio Internacional de Comunicacion Social, Santiago de Cuba 2007. 428-432.
  • Tobin, Y. 2007b. "Arbitrariness versus iconicity in signed and spoken languages". Memorias de la Conferencia Linguistica Internacional 2007. Havana: El Instituto de Lingüística y Literatura. (CD-ROM.)
  • Tobin, Y. 2007c. "Comparing and contrasting Natural Phonology with the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". In: Trouvain, J. and W.J. Barry (eds.). 103-106.
  • Tobin, Y. 2008. "Looking at sign language as a visual and gestural shorthand." Poznań Studies in Contemporary Linguistics 44(1). 103-119.
  • Tobin, Y. and H. Miyakoda. 2004a. "An analysis of Japanese loanwords based on the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". Linguistik International 13. 681-690.
  • Tobin, Y. and H. Miyakoda. 2004b. "An analysis of Japanese loan words based on the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior". In: Bracic, S., D. Cuden, S. Podogorsek, and V. Pogacnik (eds.), Linguistic studies in the European year of languages. (Proceedings of the 36th linguistic colloquium, Ljubljana 2001.) 681-690.
  • Tobin, Y. and H. Miyakoda. 2006. "Phonological processes of Japanese based on the theory of Phonology as Human Behavior. In: Reid et al. (eds.). 63-86.
  • Trouvain, J. and W.J. Barry (eds.). 2007. Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Saarbrücken: University of Saarbrücken. <www.icphs2007.de>
  • Trubetzkoy, N. 1939. Grundzüge der Phonologie. (Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague 7.)
  • Wrembel, M. 2005. "Metacompetence-oriented model of phonological acquisition: Implications for teaching and learning second language pronunciation". Proceedings of the Phonetics Teaching and Learning Conference. London: UCL. 1-4.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_2478_v10010-009-0009-3
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.