2007 | 17 | 2 | 154-167
Article title

Recruitment and Reproduction: The Careers and Carriers of Digital Photography and Floorball

Title variants
Languages of publication
The claim that social practices have a relatively durable existence in space and time, and that their persistence depends upon their recurrent reproduction through necessarily localised performances is theoretically plausible, but what of the detail? How do the careers of practices and those who "carry" them actually intersect? In this paper we have two related ambitions. One is to show how selected practices are concurrently shaped by the ebb and flow of recruits and defectors and by what it is that cohorts of practitioners actually do. The second is to learn more about the relation between recruitment and reproduction by comparing the ways in which these processes play out in different situations. In taking these two ambitions forward through a discussion of digital and film photography and of floorball (a team game in which players use plastic sticks to hit a small ball into a goal) we explore ways of concretely examining processes that are implied in Giddens' theory of structuration (1984) and in Bourdieu's concept of habitus (1984). This exercise generates insights into the internal dynamics of practice and the methodological challenges of pinning them down.
Physical description
  • Department of Sociology, Bowland North, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YT England
  • Helsinki School of Economics, P.O. Box 1210, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
  • Becker, H.Outsiders. New York: The Free Press, 1963.
  • Bourdieu, P.Distinction. London: Routledge, 1984.
  • Bourdieu, P.Sociology in Question. London: Sage, 1993.
  • Cashmore, E.Making Sense of Sports 3rd edition. London: Routledge, 2000.
  • Csikszentmihalyi, M., Rochberg-Halton, E.The Meaning of Things: Domestic Symbols and the Self. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.
  • Fowler, H., Fowler, F.Concise Oxford Dictionary, 8th Edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.
  • Gagnon, J., Simon, W.Sexual Conduct: the Social Sources of Human Sexuality. Aldine: Chicago, 1973.
  • Giddens, A.The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1984.
  • Goffman, E.Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates. London: Penguin Books, 1991.
  • Gomart, E., Hennion, A. A Sociology of Attachment: Music Amateurs, Drug Users. In Law, J. (Ed.). Actor Network Theory and After. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
  • Gustin, C. Pictures in the Digital Economy. In Tapscott, D., Lowy, A. and Ticoll, D. (Eds.). Blueprint to the Digital Economy. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998.
  • Guttmann, A.From Ritual to Record. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978. International Floorball Federation. 2004.
  • King, G.Say Cheese. London: Collins, 1986.
  • Lai, F.Sport Globalisation as Sport Diffusion: Penetration of Floorball and Gridiron Football into Australia. Griffith University, Australia, PhD Thesis, 2001.
  • Lewis, N. Sustainable Adventure. In Wheaton, B. (Ed.). Understanding Lifestyle Sports. London: Routledge, 2004.
  • MacAndrew, C., Edgerton, R.Drunken Comportment: A Social Explanation, Chicago: Aldine, 1969.
  • Mahony, D., Howard, D. Sports Business in the Next Decade: A General Overview of Expected Trends. Journal of Sport Management 15: 275-296, 2001.
  • NASA
  • Pantzar, M. Do Commodities Reproduce themselves through Human Beings? World Futures, Journal of General Evolution. 38: 201-224, 1993.
  • Pantzar, M., Sundell-Nieminen, R. Towards an Ecology of Goods: Symbiosis and Competition between Household Goods. In I. Koskinen (Ed.). Empathic Design: User Experience in Product Design. Helsinki: IT Press, 2003.
  • Pred, A. Of Paths and Projects: Individual Behaviour and its Societal Contexts. In Golledge, R. and Cox, K. (Eds.). Behavioural Problems in Geography Revisited. London: Methuen, 1981.
  • Reckwitz, A. Towards a Theory of Social Practices: A Development in Culturalist Theorizing. European Journal of Social Theory 5(2): 243-63, 2002.
  • Schatzki, T.Social Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
  • Schatzki, T., Knorr Cetina, K., von Savigny, E.The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. London: Routledge, 2001.
  • Shoham, A. Predicting Future Sport Consumption: The Impact of Perceived Benefits. Sport Marketing Quarterly 9 (1): 8-4, 2000.
  • Slater, D. Domestic Photography and Digital Culture. In Lister, M. (Ed). The Photographic Image in Digital Culture. Routledge: London, 1995.
  • Spence and Holland (Eds.). Family Snaps; the Meanings of Domestic Photography. London: Virago, 1991.
  • Suchman, L.Plans and Situated Actions: the Problem of Human-machine Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
  • Sudnow, D.Ways of the Hand: the Organisation of Improvised Conduct. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978.
  • Warde, A. Consumption and Theories of Practice, Journal of Consumer Culture, 5 (2): 131-53, 2005.
  • Westerbeek, H., Smith, A.Sport Business in the Global Marketplace. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.