PL EN


2012 | 17 | 17 | 45-55
Article title

Socio-spatial diversity of Marseille at the turn of the 21stcentury

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In recent years, cities have significantly changed due to globalisation processes that influence also social aspects of their functioning. Hence, immigrant inflows are observed, social segregation and polarisation significantly increase, and city space is transformed by gentrification processes. Social conflicts seem to be an integral part of the functioning of contemporary cities, what can be seen on the example of French cities. The aim of the article is to show socio-spatial diversity of Marseille, the second largest city of France, with the largest port serving as an economic and immigrant gateway to the country, and as a consequence, making the city prone to socio-spatial restructuring. The study involves the analysis of the demographic and socio-economic diversity of the city's ZUS (zones urbaines sensibles) - districts delimitated by local councils as objectives of urban policy due to social problems concentrated there. They are concentrated in the ‘triangle of poverty’ of Marseille. The districts highly populated by immigrants represent at the same time the highest level of deprivation. This residential segregation involves mainly Maghrebians. These foreigners overrepresented in the lowest social classes and in the poorest districts are an ethnoclass prone to ghettoisation. However, in contrast to other French cities, social conflicts that burst into riots of the banlieue were almost absent in Marseille in 2005. The reasons for this are the historically determined central location of the deprived districts and failure of the gentrification process, and the policy of local authorities.
Publisher
Year
Volume
17
Issue
17
Pages
45-55
Physical description
Dates
published
2012-01-01
online
2012-06-04
Contributors
  • Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies Institute of Regional and Global Studies, University of Warsaw, Karowa 20, 00-324 Warsaw, Poland
References
  • Andres, L. 2011: Marseille versus Marseille Provence: local and regional challenges of 2013 ECOC, seminar held on the Mega-Events and Regional Development Workshop at the Maastricht University, 7 September 2011.
  • Caldwell, C. 2005: Revolting high rises. In: The New York Times, access on: www.nytimes.com, DoA: 1 April 2011.
  • Euroméditerranée, access on:
  • Gsir, S. 2007: Case study on housing. Marseille, France, European Foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions, access on: www.eukn.org, DoA: 1 November 2011.
  • HLM: des occupants pauvres, 2011, L'Express, access on:
  • Hoyle, B. S. 1989: The port-city interface: trends, problems and examples. In: Geoforum, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 429-435.
  • INSEE (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies)
  • Marseille.fr, Official website of Marseille city, access on:
  • Mitchell, K. 2011: Marseille's not for burning: comparative networks of integration and exclusion in two French cities. In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 101, No. 2, pp. 404-423.[WoS]
  • Moore, D. 2004: Migrants as mediators in a comparative perspective. In: Penninx, R., Kraal, K., Martiniello, M. and Vertovec, S. editors, Citizenship in European cities. Immigrants, local policies and integration policies, research in migration and ethnic relations series, Ashgate, access on: books.google.com, pp.128-138, DoA: 1 April 2011.
  • MP2013, access on:
  • Silvère, J. 2008: Un cas aporétique de gentrification: la ville de Marseille. In: Méditerranée, No. 111, pp. 85-90.
  • Szul, R. 2011: Miasto a języki i narodowość. In: Jałowiecki, B. and Sekuła, E. editors, Metropolie mniejszości. Mniejszości w metropoliach, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe SCHOLAR, pp. 15-47.
  • Węcławowicz, G. 2007: Geografia społeczna miast, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  • Żelazny, W. 2011: Tubylcy i Barbarzyńcy wieloetnicznych aglomeracji. In: Jałowiecki, B. and Sekuła, E. editors, Metropolie mniejszości. Mniejszości w metropoliach, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe SCHOLAR, pp. 93-110.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_2478_v10089-012-0005-5
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.