PL EN


2009 | 51 | 1 | 57-63
Article title

Typological Assessment of Reconstruction: Did Indo-European Have Inclusive and Exclusive First Person Plural Personal Pronouns?

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This brief article attempts to apply current typological theory about the structure of person-marking paradigms to reconstructions of early Indo-European personal pronoun declension and early Indo-European verbal conjugation in order to determine whether or not such application can shed light on the traditional debate about whether or not an inclusive/exclusive opposition can be ascribed to the protolanguage. Despite the demonstrated positive value of typology in assessing the plausibility of reconstructions, the conclusion reached here is that current typological theory is very limited in its ability to resolve this particular issue of historical/comparative Indo-European linguistics.
Keywords
Year
Volume
51
Issue
1
Pages
57-63
Physical description
Dates
published
2009-01-01
online
2010-01-14
Contributors
  • English Department, Millersville University, Millersville, Pennsylvania 17551-0302, USA
References
  • Beekes Robert S.P. 1995. Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  • Brugmann Karl 1904. Kurze vergleichende Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen. Strassburg: Trübner.
  • Corbett Greville. 2000. Number. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Croft William. 1990. Typology and Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cysouw Michael. 2003. The Paradigmatic Structure of Person Marking. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Erhart Adolf. 1970. Studien zur indoeuropäischen Morphologie. Brno: Opera Universitatis Purkynianae Brunensis Facultas Philosophica.
  • Forschheimer Paul. 1953. The Category of Person in Language. Berlin: de Gruyter.
  • Fortson Benjamin. 2004. Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Fox Anthony. 1995. Linguistic Reconstruction: An Introduction to Theory and Method. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Gamkrelidze Thomas, Ivanov Vjaceslav. 1995. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Greenberg Joseph (ed.). 1966. Universals of Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: The M.I.T. Press.
  • Greenberg Joseph. 1966. "Some Universals of Grammar with Particular Reference to the Order of Meaningful Elements." In: Greenberg 1966: 73-113.
  • Jazayery Mohammad, Polomé Edgar, Winter Werner. (eds.). 1978. Linguistic and Literary Studies in Honor of Archibald A. Hill. Vol. 3. The Hague: Mouton.
  • Lehmann Winfred. 1974. Proto-Indo-European Syntax. Austin: The University of Texas Press.
  • Lehmann Winfred. 2002. Pre-Indo-European. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Man.
  • Mallory James P., Adams Douglas Q. 1997. Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.
  • Meier-Brügger Michael. 2003. Indo-European Linguistics. Berlin: de Gruyter.
  • Nichols Johanna. 1992. Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Prokosch Eduard. 1939. A Comparative Germanic Grammar. Philadelphia: Linguistic Society of America.
  • Schmalstieg William. 1973. "New Thoughts on Indo-European Phonology." Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 87, 99-157.
  • Schmalstieg William. 1980. Indo-European Linguistics: A New Synthesis. University Park: Penn State Press.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1982. Indo-European Noun Inflection: A Developmental History. University Park: Penn State Press.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1986. "Some Remarks about the Personal Pronouns of Indo-European." Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 99, 10-22.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1987a. "Gothic izwis." Nowele 10, 95-108.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1987b. "On the Origin of Hitt. 2nd Sg. Nom. zig." Hethitica 7, 161-171.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1992. A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1993a. "Hittie Nom. Sg. uk." Historische Sprachforschung 106, 20-25.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1993b. "On the Origin of the Tocharian Personal Pronouns A näs, ñuk, B ñäś." Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 6, 189-196.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1994. "The Role of Deictic Particles in the IE Personal Pronoun System." Word 45, 307-315.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1998. "Comments about the Evolution of the Indo-European Personal Pronoun System." Historische Sprachforschung 111, 46-54.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1999a. "Germanic Dative Personal Pronouns in *-S." Folia Linguistica Historica 20(1), 25-35.
  • Shields Kenneth. 1999b. "Hittite Nom. Sg. uk: Some Further Comments." Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51, 287-293.
  • Shields Kenneth. 2001a. "On the Origin of Celtic First and Second Person Plural Personal Pronouns in *s-." Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 53, 168-180.
  • Shields Kenneth. 2001b. "On the Origin of Old English Uncet and Inċit." Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 102, 211-216.
  • Shields Kenneth. 2001c. "The Germanic Personal Pronoun Accusatives in *-k and Their Indo-European Origins." Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur 123, 343-352.
  • Shields Kenneth. 2004. "The Emergence of the Dual Category in Indo-European: A ‘New Image’ and Typological Perspective." Indogermanische Forschungen 109, 21-30.
  • Shields Kenneth. Forthcoming. "Indo-European Emphatic Pronouns and Skt. Pronominal -am." Indogermanische Forschungen.
  • Siewierska Anna. 2004. Person. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Song Jae. 2001. Linguistic Typology: Morphology and Syntax. Harlow: Pearson Education.
  • Szemerényi Oswald. 1978. "On Reconstruction in Morphology." In: Jazayery et al. 1978: 267-283.
  • Szemerényi Oswald. 1996. Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Watkins Calvert. 1962. Indo-European Origins of the Celtic Verb. Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_2478_v10122-009-0004-z
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.