Fostering Culturally Relevant/Responsive Pedagogy and Global Awareness through the Integration of International Service-learning in Courses
Languages of publication
Educators are being asked to respond to the forces of globalization and human interconnectedness that characterize the 21st century. These forces are resulting in changing population demographics and increased migration which is bringing a new complexity to cultural and ethnic diversity within regions, local communities and ultimately in elementary school classrooms. As a response, institutions of higher learning are seeking ways of preparing pre-service teachers who are culturally sensitive and globally aware and who will in turn prepare young children to be world citizens. One way of achieving this goal is to integrate an experiential service-learning component in courses as a way of expanding pre-service teachers perspectives to the world while enhancing their cultural competence, understanding of others different from themselves, commitment to social justice issues, and mastery of course content. This manuscript describes the development of a graduate course at a university in northeast USA, and the subsequent implementation of the course in Kenya with an integrated international service-learning component. Ideas of scholars on multicultural education, global education, culturally relevant pedagogy and service-learning will be used as a way of framing the discussion topic. The positive rewards and some challenges of this course will be discussed along with some concluding remarks.
- Allsopp, D. H., DeMarie, D., AlvarezMcHatton, R., Doone, E. 2006. Bridging the gap between theory and practice: Connecting courses with field experiences. In Teacher Education Quarterly, 33 (1): 19-35.
- Annette, J. 2003. Service-learning internationally: Developing a global civil society. In S. H. Billig, J. Eyler (eds.). Deconstructing service-learning: Research exploring context, participation, and impacts. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 241-249.
- Arrupe, P. 1999. Men and women for others. In J. J. Callahan (ed.). In First principles: The Jesuit tradition in higher education. Kansas City, MO: J. J. Callahan, 10-12.
- Baldwin, S. C, Buchanan, A. M., Rudisill, M. E. 2007. What teacher candidates learned about diversity, social justice, and themselves from service-learning experiences. In Journal of Teacher Education, 58 (4): 315-327.
- Banks, J., Banks, C. (eds). 2009. Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives (7th ed.). NJ: Wiley, Sons, Inc.
- Cozza, B, Mbugua, T., Noakes, P., Intoccia, M., Guzzi, L., Kelly, M. 2001. Family/School/university collaboration to enrich social studies instruction. In M. Christenson, M. Johnson & J. Norris (eds.). Family/school/university collaboration to improve social studies education. Silver Spring, MD: National Council for Social Studies, 39-48.
- Cushner, K., Safford, P. McClelland, A. 2008. Human Diversity in Education: An Integrative Approach. Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill College.
- Eyler, J., Giles, J. 1999. Where's the Learning in Service-Learning? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Ference, R. A., Bell, S. 2004. A cross-cultural immersion in the U. S.: Changing preservice teacher attitudes toward Latino ESOL students. In Equity & Excellence in Education, 37 (4): 343-350.
- Goodlad, J. 1988. School-university partnerships for educational renewal: Rationale and concepts. In Sorotnik, K. A., Goodlad, J. I. (eds.). School-university partnerships in action: Concepts, cases, and concerns. New York: Teachers College Press, 3-31.
- Grusky, S. 2000. International service learning. In American Behavioral Scientist, 43 (5): 858-868.
- Johnson, M., Brosnan, P., Cramer, D., Dove, T. (eds.). 2000. Collaborative Reform and Other Improbable Dreams: The Challenges of Professional Development Schools. Albany, NY: State University. New York Press.
- Kiely, R. 2005. Transformative international service-learning. In Academic Exchange Quarterly, 9 (1): 275-281.
- Krashen, S. 1982. Principles and practices of second language acquisition. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
- Lacina, J., Hagan, L., Griffith, B. 2006. Developing a writing workshop classroom: Collaboration between a charter school principal, second-grade teacher, and university professor. In The Teacher Educator, 42(1): 63-75.
- Mbugua, T. 2004. Authentic Learning: Intercultural, International, and Intergenerational Experiences in Elementary Classrooms. In Childhood Education, 80 (5): 237-245.
- Merrifield, M., Jarchow, S. 1997. Preparing Teachers to Teach Global Perspectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
- Merrifield, M., Jarchow, S. 2003. The State of Teacher Training for K-12 International Education. In Conference on Global Challenges and U. S. Higher Education: National Needs and Policy Implications. Duke University: Durham, NC.
- Minor, J. 2002. Incorporating service learning into ESL programs. In TESOL Journal, 22 (4), 10-14.
- PDE, Pennsylvania Department of Education. 2008. A framework for new certification guidelines: Pre-k 4. Harrisburg, PA: Retrieved November 20, 2010 from [
- Pinzon, D., Barriga, F. 2006. Critical thinking in a higher education service-learning program. In K. M. Casey, G. Davidson, S. H. Billig, & N. C. Springer (eds.). Advancing knowledge in service-learning: Research to transform the field. Greenwich, CT: IAP, 89-110.
- Sheckley, B., Keeton, M. 1997. Service-Learning: A theoretical model. In J. Schine (eds.), Service-Learning: Ninety-sixth Yearbook of the National Society for the study of education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 32-55.
- Sleeter, C. 2000. Multicultural education, social positionality, and whiteness. In E. Duarte, S. Smith (eds.). Foundational perspectives in multicultural education. New York: McGraw Hill, 118-143.
- Swiniarski, Birsner, E. Breitborde, M. 2002. Educating the Global Village: Including The Child In The World. NY: Prentice Hall.
- Szente, J. 2008. Preparing pre-service teachers to work with culturally and linguistically diverse children: A service-learning experience. In Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 29 (2), 140-145.
- University of Scranton, 2010. Strategic Plan 2010-2015. Retrieved November 23, 2010, [
- Van Hoof, H. B., Verheeren, M. J. 2005. Wine is for drinking, water is for washing: Student opinions about international exchange programs. In Journal of Studies in International Education, 9 (1), 42-61.
- Villegas, Lucas, 2002. Educating Culturally Responsive Teachers: A Coherent Approach. New York: State University of New York Press.
- Wade, R. C, Boyle-Baise, M., O'Grady, C. 2001. Multicultural service learning in Teacher education. In J. B. Anderson, K. J. Swick, J. Yff (eds.). Servicelearning in teacher education. Washington, DC: AACTE Publications, 248-259.
- Vygotsky, L. S. 1978. Mind and society: The development of higher mental processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Publication order reference