Milan Kundera and Franz Kafka - How Not to Forget Everydayness
Languages of publication
Purpose of the article is to show that while in fundamental constitutional questions we are still attentive to our past, in everyday legal cases we can forget more likely. In my opinion, in case of the post-communist countries it is very dangerous to forget the Past because we have nothing other than our memories. To forget means either to be exposited the danger of return to the system as it was or to transform our legal praxis into a depersonalized system.Methodology/Methods In this article I want to analyze two decisions of Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and compare them with situation described in early works of Milan Kundera (The Joke; The Book of Laughter and Forgetting). His work reflecting the past everydayness in communist Czechoslovakia can be used as a good example of the analyses of forgetting. Very similar inspirations we can find in work of Franz Kafka (The Trial) or even better in Milan Kundera's interpretation of Kafka's work. The scientific aim of this article is to show that although the literature represents different conception of knowledge when this knowledge is compared with legal knowledge we can gain parallels that describe the law rooted in culture and society.Conclusions of this article show that on one side we face reminding of our Past in decisions regarding politically considerable cases. On the other side we face the oblivion: In cases at constitutional level dealing with everydayness in legal praxis we can find rather shift to formal interpretation without any reference to our past. The result can be Kafkaesque legal system without any signs of living people.
- Barthes, R. (1977). Image Music Text. London: Fontana Press.
- Baudrillard, J. (1994). Simulacra and Simulation. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
- Deleuze, G. Guattari, F. (2008). Anti-Oedipus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia. London: Continuum.
- Deleuze, G. Guattari, F. (1986). Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. University of Minnesota Press.
- Derrida, J. (1991). Before the Law. In: Attridge, D. Acts of Literature. London: Routledge, pp. 181 - 220.
- Douzinas, C., Warrington, R., McVeigh, S. (1991). Postmodern Jurisprudence. The Law of Text in the Texts of Law. London: Routledge.
- Eagleton, T. (2003). Sweet Violence. The Idea of the Tragic. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
- Foucault, M. (1994). Diskurs Autor Genealogie. Tři studie. Praha: Svoboda.
- Kafka, F. (1995). Stories 1904-1924. London: Abacus.
- Kafka, F. (2009a). The Trial. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Kafka, F. (2009b). The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Kühn, Z. (2005). Aplikace práva soudcem v éře středoevropského komunismu a transformace. Praha: C. H. Beck.
- Kundera, M. (1982). The Joke. London: Penguin Books.
- Kundera, M. (1996a). Testaments Betrayed. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
- Kundera, M. (1996b). The Book of Laughter and Forgetting. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
- Levinson, S. (1982). Law as Literature. Texas Law Review, vol. 60, issue 3, pp. 373 - 404.
- Litowitz, D. E. (2002). Franz Kafka's Outsider Jurisprudence. Law and Social Inquiry. vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 103 - 138.
- Minda, G. (1995). Postmodern Legal Movements: Law and Jurisprudence at Century's End. New York: New York University Press.
- Weber, M. (1978). Economy and Society. University of California Press.
- West, R. (1985). Authority, Autonomy, and Choice: The Role of Consent in the Moral and Political Visions of Franz Kafka and Richard Posner. Harvard Law Review. vol. 99, issue. 2, pp. 384 - 428.
- Zizek, S. (1995). Superego by Deafult. Cardozo Law Review, vol. 16, pp. 925 - 942.
Publication order reference