PL EN


Journal
2014 | 9 | 2 | 31-58
Article title

“Die hart ’n droë blaar”: Verlies, rou en melancholie in Olga Kirsch se Afrikaanse poësie / “The heart a dry leaf”: Loss, Mourning and Melancholia in Olga Kirsch’s Afrikaans Poetry

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Reading Olga Kirsch’s Afrikaans poetry, one is struck by the important role that the experience of loss occupies in her oeuvre. It is evident in the first two volumes of poetry she published while still living in South Africa, as well as in the five volumes she published after emigrating to Israel in 1948. Because her poetry, especially the volumes written in Israel, exudes an air of melancholy, this article uses Freud’s writings on loss, mourning and melancholia, as well as the historical tradition preceding his work, as a guideline in exploring the way in which the experience of loss, mourning and melancholy is portrayed in Kirsch’s oeuvre. The article focusses on the way in which loss is portrayed in her poetry: her sense that the Jewish experience of loss over the centuries forms part of her history and identity, the way in which she experiences the loss of South Africa and the language Afrikaans in which she is best able to express herself poetically when she emigrates to Israel, the way in which the loss of her father and mother at different times in her life affected her, her feeling that her experience of loss and the ensuing melancholy are carried over to her children.
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
9
Issue
2
Pages
31-58
Physical description
Dates
published
2014-11-01
online
2014-12-30
Contributors
  • University of Stellenbosch Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands Universiteit van Stellenbosch Privaatsak X1 Matieland 7602 South Africa, lv@sun.ac.za
References
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  • _____. 1997. “Olga Kirsch, Expatriate South African Poet.” HerStoria 3(3): 31-36.
  • Clewell, Tammy. 2004. “Mourning beyond Melancholia: Freud’s Psychoanalysis of Loss.” Journal of the American Psychological Association 52(1): 43-67.
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  • Hugo, Daniel. 1994. “Inleiding.” Nou spreek ek weer bekendes aan: Gedigte 1944-1983. Olga Kirsch. Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau. 9-15.
  • _____. 2014. “A Poet for All Seasons.” Werkwinkel 9(2): 11-16.
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  • Human, M.P. 2007. “Verlies in die oeuvre van Lettie Viljoen/Ingrid Winterbach.” Diss. Universiteit van Johannesburg.
  • Kirsch, Olga. 1944. Die soeklig. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.
  • _____. 1948. Mure van die hart. Johannesburg: Afrikaanse Pers-Boekhandel.
  • _____. 1972. Negentien gedigte. Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau. _
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  • Klibansky, Raymond, Panofsky, Erwin, and Saxl, Fritz. 1979 [1964]. Saturn and Melancholy: Studies in the History of Natural Philosophy, Religion and Art. Nendeln: Kraus.
  • Minnaar, W.F.T. 2012. “’n Herwaardering van Olga Kirsch se oeuvre: Identiteit, moederskap en ballingskap aan die hand van die psigoanalitiese teorieë van Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan en Julia Kristeva.” Diss. Universiteit van Kaapstad.
  • Petrovsky-Shtern, Yonahan. n.d. “Military Service in Russia.” The Yivo Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. 20 Jul. 2014. <http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article. aspx/Military_Service_in_Russia>.
  • Radden, Jennifer. 2000. “Introduction: From Melancholic States to Clinical Depression.” The Nature of Melancholy. From Aristotle to Kristeva. Ed. Jennifer Radden. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 3-51.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_2478_werk-2014-0011
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