PL EN


2020 | 301 | 1 | 55-74
Article title

Factors Associated with the Capital Structure of Polish Companies in the Long and Short Term

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Czynniki związane ze strukturą kapitału polskich przedsiębiorstw w długim i krótkim okresie
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
PL
Celem artykułu jest ocena długoterminowej i krótkoterminowej relacji pomiędzy wybranymi czynnikami a strukturą kapitału polskich spółek giełdowych. W świetle teorii substytucji i teorii hierarchii źródeł finansowania wskazane zostały najważniejsze czynniki mające wpływ na strukturę kapitału przedsiębiorstw. Następnie analizie poddane zostały wyniki dotychczasowych badań empirycznych innych autorów w zakresie znaczenia i kierunku wpływu poszczególnych czynników. Biorąc pod uwagę charakter danych opisujących strukturę kapitału, wskazano, że estymatory efektów stałych: międzygrupowy i wewnątrzgrupowy mogą być wykorzystane do oceny długoterminowego i krótkoterminowego związku pomiędzy wybranymi czynnikami a wskaźnikami zadłużenia polskich przedsiębiorstw. Zarówno w długim, jak i w krótkim okresie z poziomem wskaźników zadłużenia polskich przedsiębiorstw związane są następujące czynniki: rentowność, materialność aktywów, tarcza podatkowa, stopa opodatkowania, ryzyko biznesowe i płynność . Ponadto stwierdzono, że możliwości rozwojowe, wypłacanie dywidend, wysokość wydatków inwestycyjnych i wielkość deficytu finansowego mają istotny związek ze wskaźnikami zadłużenia tylko w długim okresie, podczas gdy w krótkim okresie istotną rolę odgrywa wielkość przedsiębiorstwa. Wyniki badania wskazują, że kierunek i siła wpływu badanych czynników może się różnić w perspektywie długo- i krótkoterminowej.
EN
The aim of this article is to assess the long-term and short-term association between selected factors and the capital structure of Polish companies. In light of trade-off theory and pecking order theory, the main factors associated with the capital structure of firms are identified. Subsequently, a set of factors associated with debt ratios is analysed on the basis of previous empirical studies. Due to the properties of data describing the capital structure, it is argued that Between and Within fixed-effects estimators can be used to assess the long-term and short-term association of selected factors with the debt ratios of Polish companies. In both the long and short run, the capital structure of Polish companies is associated with profitability, the tangibility of assets, the non-debt tax shield, the tax rate, business risk, and liquidity. Growth opportunities, dividend payments, capital expenditures, and the financial deficit are only associated with debt ratios in the long term. In the short term, size and the industry median debt ratio play a significant role. The results of the study indicate that the direction and magnitude of the association of the studied factors with the debt ratios of Polish listed companies may differ between the long and short term.
Year
Volume
301
Issue
1
Pages
55-74
Physical description
Dates
published
2020-03-31
received
2019-09-21
accepted
2020-01-20
Contributors
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_33119_GN_116717
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