Dances were a permanent element of 16th century court life. Adapting the Italian treaty 'Il libro del cortegiano' by Baldassare Castiglione to Polish reality, Lukasz Górnicki omitted many of the elements he found improper for a Polish courtier, but he preserved the dance fragments. Diversity of written, iconographic and musical sources often fail to facilitate a researcher trying to understand the role of dance in the past epochs and to reconstruct old choreographies. Regardless of it, dance, though seen for long years from the perspective of ballet history, deserves also an insightful analysis from the point of view of cultural anthropology. Some of the typical problems to appear while combining different research perspective are the interactions between the court and plebeian plays, the dance's therapeutic function, its particular place in the Neoplatonic world view, and last but not least the special interest shown to women.