GLOBAL INFORMATION SOCIETY AND THE RUSSIAN MODEL OF SCIENCE (Globalnoe informatsionnoe obschestvo i rossiiskaya model nauki)
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The performance of Russia in the information society related field is considered through analyzing the position of Russia in information & communication technologies (ICT), computing devices exports, and the main trend in the national science. While the activity in the ICT field has been expanding since the beginning of 2000s, the main trend of the Russian science can be described as archaic and progressively degrading. The archaic nature of the Russian science refers to its institutional dimension (organization and financing); it scientific socium (scientific entities, their social relations, the pattern of social organization); the content of science (cognitive and disciplinary structure). Reforms of the Russian science undertaken twice (in times of B.Yeltsin and V.Putin) have failed, resulting in the mass-scale reduction of the Russian science in parallel with preservation of its old organization model. The massive reduction of the Russian science failed to change its institutional pattern, and the science remained to be alien to the competitive environment, innovation and the global information society requirements. The quality of the Russian competitive environment has also been bad due to bureaucratic abuse, monopolies, corruption, prevalence of mineral exports etc. Scientific foundations created in early 90s attempted to change 'feudal' relations within the science, but their legal competencies were too limited. Therefore, modernization of the national science system is still a vitally important objective for Russia.
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