Ateizm w 'Sankhjasutrach' i 'Sankhjasutrawrytti'
ATHEISM IN THE 'SAMKHYA-SUTRAS' AND THE SAMKYHA-SUTRA-VRTTI
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In this paper, I analyse the position of the Samkhya-sutras (the end of the 14th - 15th century) and Aniruddha's commentary on them the Samkhya-sutra-vrtti (the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries), which are the most important texts of the postclassical Samkhya, on the existence of Ishvara ('Lord', God). This analysis provides evidence that both texts are clearly atheistic in their character. The author of the Samkhya-sutras and Aniruddha refute theism very definitely and explicitly, adducing many arguments against existence of Ishvara. With regard to some fragments, which were interpreted by various scholars as evidence of the theistic element in the Samkhya-sutras and the Samkhya-sutra-vrtti, I argue that in those fragments the authors of these texts also hold their atheistic viewpoint.
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