The Construction of Social Structure: Bell Beakers and Trzciniec Complex in North-Eastern Part of Central Europe
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The characteristics of social structures of Bell Beakers and Trzciniec Complex in north-eastern part of Central Europe is presented in the paper. The social life of these groupings was shaped by competition between particular descent-based groups as well as individuals and their families for prestige, status, power and wealth. The key factor setting social behaviour in order and integrating the group was kinship, which was related to the cultural system of spouse selection. The ranking of these communities can be described as moderate (Bell Beakers) and minimal (Trzciniec Complex). Although in the case of northern Beakers (Iwno Culture) it exhibited a tendency to growth, it never reached the level of stratification. The process of emancipation of the individual, which was very advanced in the case of Bell Beakers came to a halt among the communities of Trzciniec Complex. In the later 'Trzciniec' structures the processes of depersonalisation of the grave furnishing, deindividualisation and increasing collectivism can be observed.
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