SOCIO-POLITICAL LIFE OF JEWS IN ZAWIERCIE REGION IN THE YEARS 1918-1939 (Zycie spoleczno-polityczne Zydów w regionie zawiercianskim w latach 1918-1939)
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In 1921, the Jews accounted for approximately 10% of the population in Zawiercie district and for some 20% in the town of Zawiercie itself. The regaining of independence by Poland coincided with the establishment of local branches of Jewish political parties in Zawiercie region. A lot of influence was wielded by the Zionists (the centrist Zionist Organization and the right-wing Mizrachi) as well as the conservative Agudas Israel. The full development of the Jews' socio-political life in the region occurred in the late 1920s. That was when many diverse associations came to life. The Great Crisis led to a surge of activity of Zionists parties and associations, including extremist ones. The influence of right-wing Zionist revisionists was rising, but so was that of the leftist Poale Zion, and of Hehalutz and Hashomer Hatzair. In the late 1930s, the prolonged economic crisis caused a decline in the activity, or even the disintegration of some political parties and civic organizations affiliated to them. The popularity of the Zionist Left was rising, but Mizrachi and the Zionist Organization also preserved a lot of their influence. It was only at that time that the socialist Bund began to operate in the region.
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