METALINGUISTICS AS A CRITIQUE OF LINGUISTIC TEXTS AND IDEAS
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In the opinion of the author, metalinguistics is a systematic reflection on linguistic theories and linguistic texts (regarded as manifestations of a particular linguistic theory or concept). Thus, the scope of metalinguistics differs from the scope of linguistic theories, linguistic methodology, and the history of linguistics. Metalinguistics finds its theoretical basis in the conception of multiplicity of linguistic models put forward by Boguslawski (1986) and Bobrowski (1993). The main claim of the latter is that as there are many possible models of language, it is necessary to investigate and evaluate them using a large set of criteria. The main goals of metalinguistic studies are as follows: (l) to verify whether 'linguistic utterances' (texts) are consistent with the theoretical foundations of a particular theoretical model, (2) to describe linguistic paradigms and their historical development, (3) to evaluate the adequacy of particular linguistic theories, and (4) to reflect on the role of extralinguistic factors on the evolution of linguistic studies. In this paper, selected metalinguistic publications, which have appeared in the last 25 years, are pointed out and the role of metalinguistics in linguistic education is discussed.
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