THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE POLITICAL VIEWS OF ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM IN CONFRONTATION WITH THE POLITICAL REALITY OF EUROPE IN THE FIRST THIRD OF THE 16TH CENTURY (Vyvin politickych nazorov Erazma Rotterdamskeho... v prvej tretine 16. storocia)
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The theme of the study is the formation of the political views of Erasmus of Rotterdam under the influence of political events in Europe during the first third of the 16th century. The author traces the line of Erasmus' political writings, in which the idea of pacifism resounds. He describes Erasmus as a convinced supporter of uniting the forces of Christendom in the politically fragmented camp of the European states. Adaptation of the idea of Evangelical pacifism to the real political situation represented especially by the struggle for European hegemony between Charles V and Francis I is shown by Erasmus' correspondence with the European monarchs. The author identifies the motive for change in Erasmus' political views with the Turkish expansion into Central Europe, shown by his writings after 1526 directed towards the situation in Hungary and the problem of defence against the Turks.
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