Transparency Principle of Organs of Territorial Self-Government as a Tool of Prevention against Corruption
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Corruption, that is, exploitation of the public position and influence for private purposes, is one of the problems of the Polish reality. The authoress focuses on some legal tools, which should eliminate corruption in the territorial governments. These tools have universal meaning for all the public sphere in Poland. The broadest group of anti-corruption tools creates norms defining what forms of parallel activities of the public servants are not allowed. Next to those 'prohibiting' norms concerning conduct or performance in the executed functions, there exist :'imposing' norms, which enforce certain pattern of behavior on the public servants. The authoress presents such norms of anti-corruption nature. These norms assure objectivity of the public servants, stipulated in the administrative law. The second chapter of the article deals in detail with those issues. It comprises regulations published in the manual of Administrative Law, which guarantee objectivity and transparency of the public servants at all stages of the given case. One of the chapters present the group of norms defined as regulations, which impose necessity of transparent work in all sectors of the public administration. It focuses on active and passive duty of information and on analysis of regulations concerning the access to the public information. The last chapter describes how the Law on Environment Protection is implemented. The authoress points out those institutions, which serve the citizen and are aimed at the growth of their thrust in the territorial self-governments.
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