The Rationality of Science. Introductory Remarks
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The paper presents the main ideas of the authoress book 'The Rationality of Science: Problems, Conceptions, and Arguments' (Lublin 2006). It proposes a typology (reconstruction and idealization) of two opposing concepts of the rationality of science, called classical and non-classical. This serves to order and to understand changes that took place in thinking on the rationality of science in the 20th century. Criteria for the distinction between classical and non-classical concepts are also proposed. The following theses proposed in the book are given as discussion suggestions: the thesis of the evaluative and normative dimension of the notion of the rationality of science, the thesis of its theoretical character, and the thesis that the rationality of science is a kind of epistemic rationality. The restriction of problems of the rationality of science to problems of the rationality of propositional knowledge and problems of rationality in the context of justification is argued against. Questions about the relationship between the rationality of inquiry and the rationality of its results (knowledge) and about the philosophical and logical character of the problem of the genesis of knowledge are posed.
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