In Search of the Ontological Common Core of Artworks: Radical Embodiment and Non-universalization
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I propose that artworks represent a specific and homogeneous ontological kind, grounded in a common ontological core. I call this common core ‘non-universalizable embodied meaning’, and I argue that (a) this common core explains how artworks unfold their ontological identity at the physical, intentional, and social levels on the basis of an original and irreducible mode of material embodiment and cultural emergence; (b) this common core functions as the constitutive rule of art (conceived as a social kind) and institutes an axiological normativity, that is, normativity based on aesthetic value; (c) it has a central role both in the theoretical definition of art and in the identification, recognition, and fruition of the individual artworks; (d) it enables artistic creativity, historical transformations of art, and the current, multifaceted state of art.
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