'OKULARNIK'. INVIGILATION AND INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS AGAINST ADAM CIOLKOSZ
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Adam Ciolkosz, the main leader of the Polish Socialist Party was among many influential figures in the diaspora that was subject of the Polish communist state intelligence operations. The secret files of Ciolkosz that are stored at the Institute of National Remembrance show the extend of data gathered on Ciolkosz along with methods of spying on social life of the émigrés. Formally, investigation - coded 'Okularnik' - against him began in 1962. In reality, communist secret police has been watching Ciolkosz carefully well before that. It is highlighted in the documents, that a considerable influence on that political figure has been exercised by his wife, Lidia. Due to highly negative attitude towards the communist state, attempts to convince Ciolkosz to return to Poland failed. The entire operation against him ended with his death in 1978.
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