The article deals with the sacred picture of the Holy Virgin Mary of the Trakai Parish Church in Lithuania. It was the most famous picture in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania up to the very end of the 18th century. Its origin and history is surrounded by various legends. Possibly the oldest imitation is the Mary of the Varniai Cathedral created in the 16th century; others include Mary of the Trakai Gate of the wall of Vilnius old town and in Aglona Church in Latvia. The image of the Holy Virgin Mary of Trakai is a variant of Hodegetria iconographical type with its own peculiarities, while the individualisation that occurs in the imitations of this picture takes on a different and sometimes distinctive character.