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2004 | 18 | 133-177

Article title

Comenius und die Comeniologen. Stellungnahme zu einzelnen Positionen neuerer Comeniusforschung in ontotriadischer Perspektive


Title variants

Comenius and the Comeniologists. Some ontotriadic comments on the individual positions taken by recent Comeniological studies

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The main aim of this article is not to present a (externally) complete overview of research into Comenius' life and work, but rather to explore some significant trends in Comeniology, particularly those which - in the field of purely historical doxography - attempt to comment on the completeness of Comenius' thinking and its possible universal application. In this context, the first question to be considered is that of whether modern Comeniologists have taken on board the 'core' of Comenius' pansophy - the integrity of his onto-triadic (or onto-trinitarian) conception of reality. The article is divided into ten sections which consider this problem in detail. Initially (in sections I/II), the thesis that Comenius is a 'modern', and for that reason 'ambiguous', thinker is discussed. It becomes clear that it is not Comenius, but his modern interpreters who (by introducing their own presuppositions into the Comenian texts) are in fact 'ambiguous'. From the methodological perspective, as is subsequently elucidated (V/VI), the phenomenological philosophy (which markedly predominates in contemporary Comeniology) brings with it specific problem whenever it gives rise to a search for a matching approach to the integral horizon of Comenius' pansophy. It does not, for example, offer any satisfactory possibility of describing the transition from theory to practice as a complete, internally differentiated process. Similar difficulties are encountered in the various attempts to reconstruct the basic triadism of Comenius' thought (VII). It would seem that a solution to this problem could be attained if originally ontological reflections are considered (VIII). Thanks to this metaphysical method it is possible to explain the sought-after completeness as 'onto-logo-ethical', as the completeness that dawns in the in-ec-con-sistent rhythm. As Comenius explains in his early work, the 'Dilucidatio', as well as in the framework of his lifelong investigation into the 'verus Catholicismus' (III/IV), the aforementioned method contains within itself a development of the analogical conception of reality, i.e. that which empowers us to discover the same basic structure in different fields of experience. From this, both detailed analysis and the resolute realisation of Comenius' posthumous 'Triertium catholicum' (IX/X) project follow as tasks for a 'post-modern' Comeniology that has overcome the many ambiguities of 'modern' thinking.


  • E. Shadel, Acta Comeniana, Filosoficky ustav AV CR, v.v.i., Jilska 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic


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Publication order reference


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