Pojmenované entity v počítačové lingvistice a vlastní jména
NAMED ENTITIES IN COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS AND PROPER NAMES
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The article deals with the relationship between the so-called 'named entities', the concept of which has been established by the computational linguistics (namely its fields of Information Extraction and Natural Language Processing), and the proper names, as they are understood by onomasticians. Named entities are understood as those text units that are not included in dictionaries, and therefore cause difficulties during the automatic processing. Named entities include not only proper names, but also numeric expressions, Internet and e-mail addresses, according to some conceptions also biomedical terms, etc. The longest part of the article is devoted to the classification of named entities, as it has been proposed by computational linguists and modified by onomasticians.
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