CHANCE AS A SUBVERSIVE ELEMENT IN THE 1960S PHILOSOPHICAL AND AESTHETIC DISCOURSE (Nahoda ako subverzivny prvok filozofickeho a estetickeho diskurzu sestdesiatych rokov)
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The author uses chosen texts (philosophical essays) and films of the 1960s new wave as examples to demonstrate the function of chance serving as a subversive element in the philosophical and aesthetic discourse of that time. In particular he pays attention to M. Forman's film Cerny Petr (Black Peter), Vladimir Minac's essay Paradoxy okolo umenia (Paradoxes around the arts) and J. P. Sartre's piece of writing Marxism and Existentialism. As well as to chance he pays attention to the motifs of everyday life and authenticity, which used to be previously kept in the background - what used to be perceived as a marginal and non-systemic becomes a legitimate part of the theoretical reflection. In the conclusion the author states that the role of chance in the 1960 literature, art and film cannot be reduced to a sort of arbitrariness, or uncontrolled behaviour. Its function tends to be related to moments of playfulness and spontaneity, which at the same time review everyday life as a kind of creative potential present in film and literature as well as music and fine art.
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