2009 | 4 | 98-113
Article title

SOCIAL CAPITAL OF BELORUSSIAN SCIENCE AND ITS INTENSIFICATION MECHANISMS (Sotsialny kapital belorusskoy nauki s mekhanizmy yego naraschivaniya)

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The problem of intensifying the human capital of the national science has been subject of great concern for Ukrainian and Belorussian researchers in science of science field. Aspects of the human capital are discussed such as main sources and ways of fostering the social capital of the national science, through addressing the two issues: where and how the social capital can be fostered. It is hown that main sources of the social capital are the national system of secondary and higher education, post-graduate education, national mass media, recognition of national scientific achievements by international scientific community, economic and political support to national scientists by the state power. Social capital is fostered through socialization of the advanced scientific knowledge, popularization of scientific achievements by scientists themselves and via mass media. Also, the human capital of science can be intensified through integrative processes within the national scientific community, which supposes elimination of group conflicts, especially funding-related ones, fostering the scientific ethics, demarcation between power bureaucracy and scientists when it comes to the accountability for the condition of science (thesis articulated by Russian scientific intellectuals). The latter way to intensify the human capital of science requires from scientists to abandon practices of serving the needs of business and state power. The arguments are supported by rich statistical and textual evidence.
  • Vyacheslav K. Scherbin, Tsentr sistemnogo analiza i strateguicheskikh issledovaliy Natsionalnoy akademii nauk Belarusi, office 102, 1, Akademicheskaya str., 220072, Minsk, Belarus.
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