GEDERTS ELIASS' INTRODUCTIONS TO BOOKS 'FRENCH CONTEMPORARY PAINTING' AND 'THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF LATVIAN SSR ACADEMY OF ART'. PRINTED TEXT AND LECTURER'S FORTUNE AT THE ACADEMY OF ART AT THE CHANGE OF OCCUPATIONAL POWERS (Gederta Eliasa ievadi gram
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Two publications of the so-called Year of Horror - Gederts Eliass' and Kristaps Eliass' 'French Contemporary Painting' (Francu jaunlaiku gleznieciba, 1940 or 1941) and 'The 20th Anniversary of Latvian SSR Academy of Art. 1919-1940' (Latvijas PSR Makslas akademijas 20 gadi. 1919-1940, 1941) - are a significant part of Latvian art literature that have long become bibliographical rarities. This was conditioned by the biases of occupational powers because Nazis withdrew these books from sale; they were completed before Soviet occupation but contained lip-services to the Soviet power. Without introductions by Gederts Eliass who had supported social democratic ideas in his youth none of the books probably would have been printed. At the Latvian State Archive and the Latvian State History Archive there are quite comprehensive documents on the dismissal of professor Gederts Eliass, the last member of the Riga Artists' Group, who worked at the Latvian Academy of Art after the change of occupational powers. The process of dismissal was started in September 1941 and completed in February 1942. These documents clearly demonstrate the mechanism how cultural and educational institutions got rid of 'persons politically exposed during the Bolshevik period'. The board of the Latvian Academy of Art participated in the process initiated by the institutions of Nazi occupation and Latvian self-government. Important arguments in this case were the above-mentioned introductions by Gederts Eliass.
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