NAS OF UKRAINE AND RAS; HOW THE TWO ACADEMIES SURVIVE (comparison of key statistical indicators of the evolution) (Kak vyzhyvayut dve akademii - NAN Ukrainy i RAN (sravnenie osnovnykh statisticheskikh pokazatelei evolyutsii))
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Comparative analysis of key statistical indicators on science and technology performance in Ukraine and Russia in the post-Soviet period is made, with emphasis on the evolution of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Similar and distinctive features in the evolution of the two national science & technology systems and the two national academies are shown by use of statistical data on R&D capacity of GDP, research personnel, R&D financing, publication activity, patenting and licensing activity. Conclusions are made with respect to specifics of the dynamics and restructuring of personnel and financing sources at national and Academy level in the two countries. It is emphasized that while the two Academies could really work in spite of poor financial support, fleeing and ageing personnel, and could product excellent results with far smaller expenditures than analogous research teams in the West, political debate about 'transplanting' basic science from academies to universities looks quite odd, as mere 'transplantion' from one department to another one cannot produce anything but losses of the accumulated resources and capacities. Ambitious declarations about the innovation-driven development could only be implemented given the radical revision of decision-making on research funding in Russia and Ukraine alike. Recent measures to support large projects on nanotechnologies, stimuli for researchers' repatriation etc., taken by the Russian government inspire some optimism, whereas Ukrainian science has not enjoyed an additional support.
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