Report on Investigations in Greece. XI. Studies in 1995-2003
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This article presents results from my last nine years of field investigations in Crete. Selected problems relating to settlements and cult places are discussed in the light of newly discovered sites in upland areas and coastal promontories. A group of settlements in the area between Anatoli and Keratokampos, west of Ierapetra, yielded evidence for dramatic changes in settlement pattern which are so far without parallel along the northern coast. The Lasithi Mountains were researched with the aim of reconstructing prehistoric settlement pattern based on archaeological evidence and ethnographic studies. Two LM IIIC defensible settlements, identified in the vicinity of Sachtouria and Frankokastello, indicate that the population of western Crete at that period is still underestimated despite some survey progress made during the recent decades. Several new cult places were identified in various regions of Crete. The most interesting among them are a Middle Minoan peak sanctuary at Agia Kyriaki, by Cape Kriou (the first site of this type identified in that far corner of Crete), a Middle Minoan 'hilltop shrine' on the Trochilas promontory, north of Agia Faneromeni (west of Siteia), and a Classical-Hellenistic hilltop cult place at Sougia. The paper ends with preliminary remarks on the similarities between defensible sites on Crete and other south Aegean islands.
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