JAN PIWOWARCZYK AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION PROJECTS IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD (Jan Piwowarczyk wobec europejskich koncepcji integracyjnych w okresie miedzywojennym)
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European integration was one of the many interests of Father Jan Piwowarczyk (1889-1959), priest, journalist, lecturer and renowned supporter of the Catholic social teaching. Piwowarczyk was particularly interested in the ideas of European integration formulated by Count Coudenhove-Calergi, Aristide Briand, and his collaborator Eduard Herriot. He also followed the Franco-German rivalry in the Danube Basin, connected with the Austro-German customs union, and the political and economic argument put forward by the French Prime Minister André Tardieu to support his idea of a Federation of the Danubian States. As editor of the conservative Cracow daily 'Glos Narodu', he analyzed the problem of European integration from the point of view of Poland's security and safeguarding peace in Europe. Piwowarczyk's favourable view of any concept of a European Union depended on whether it contained an unequivocal commitment to the borders drawn after the First World War. His conviction that Germany posed the greatest danger to the processes of European integration and to Poland made him suspicious of renewed German diplomatic activity. He also warned of the Germany's revisionism. Piwowarczyk believed that the project of a continental union can be successful only if European nations found their way to Christianity. He insisted that the values upheld by the Catholic Church provided the best guarantee of a peaceful co-existence of the nations of Europe.
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